Create an account
developed by Irving Janis, when members are so driven to reach unanimous decisions, they no longer think through individual values and realistic outcomes
one responsible for criticizing or ostracizing members of the group who do not agree with the rest
credits self when outcomes are positive, but says it is external when results are negative
fundamental attribution error
when judging behavior of others, attributing more of it to the person than the environment or situation
when educators teach different children different after judging the kids' intellects, resulting in the students' performances to reflect teacher's judgment
tendency to positively evaluate a person and gravitate to that person.
factors: characteristics, environmental and social influences
Mere Exposure Effect
how proximity affects attraction (the closer people are, the ore likely they are to be friends)
gender, size of group, self esteem, unanimity of group's opinion, but not age, affected individual's opinion when asked in a group
studied by Stanley Milgram, electric shock test, showed the more authority a person has, the more likely their orders will be followed
combinations of affective (emotional) and cognitive (perceptual) reactions to different stimuli
Affective is the emotional response, cognitive component is what we think about the item or issue
interpersonal attractiveness (attractive, likable, trustworthy, knowledgeable)
nature of the message (repetition, fear)
when attitudes and behaviors contradict each other, generally people adjust their attitude and continue their behavior
Studied by Leon Festinger
Altruism; helping behavior
selfless sacrifice, when people form empathic response to plight of others
when a large group does not help someone in need because of diffusion of responsibility
indicates workers being monitored for any reason work more efficiently and productively
harmful behavior to society or others (can be divided to prejudice and aggression)
Robbers' Cave experiment
opposing teams hated each other, but when working together, found that they were similar to each other
Conclusion from Albert Bandura's work
showed if children see adults rewarded for aggression, they will copy that behavior
ability to view the victims of violence as somehow less than human, demonstrated by Phil Zimbardo (jail project)
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together