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english2 SATP

STUDY
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Main idea
the topic and controlling point of a paragraph;what the paragraph is about
details
descriptions,reasons,examples,etc.that support the main idea
implied main idea
a main idea that is not specifically stated in the sentences of a paragraph
summary
a shorter version of a text that gives only the main points
precis
another word for a summary that has certain specific characteristics
explication
a type of explanation that interprets or clarifies a text
idiom
an expression such as"its raining cats and dogs," that cannot be understood form the definitions of the individual words
electronic text
literature,poetry,dictionaries,encyclopedias,biographies,etc.
abstract
very brief summary of a much longer text
paraphrase
to reword text in your own words
plagiarism
using someone else's ideas or copying someone else's exact words and claiming them as your own in a report
synthesize
to put together information from more than one source
complete sentence
group of words that expresses a complete thought and contains a subject and a verb
declarative sentence
makes a statement and ends in a period
interrogative sentence
asks a question and ends with a question mark
exclamatory sentence
makes a strong statement and ends with an exclamation point
imperative sentence
makes a request or gives a command
fragment
part of a sentence or mistake in writing
run on sentence
two or more sentences put together incorrectly without a period.a conjunction,or a semicolon
conjunction
joins words or group of words
coordinate conjunctions
join equal words,phrases,or sentences
clause
group of words with a subject and a verb
simple sentence
one main clause
compound sentence
two or more main clauses or complete thoughts
adjective clause
modifies,or describes a noun or a pronoun in the main clause
adverb clause
another type of subordinate clause in a complex sentence
subordinate conjunction
usually modifies a verb but also can modify an adjective or an adverb
author's purpose
a writer's reason for writing
text sructures
different ways for writers to present or organize information
imagery
the use of words that appeal to the senses to give the reader a mental picture
compare
to explain or describe similarities
contrast
to explain or describe differences
sequential(chronological)order
gives events in the order that they occurred in time
process(procedural)order
gives the steps of a process in the order they should be performed
order of importance
organizes details.reasons,etc.in the order of their importance
spatial order
organizes the description of items according to their position or closeness to each other
Literary elements
characteristics of texts often seen in fictional and nonfictional stories and poetry,but thay can also be seen in other types of nonfiction
diction
an author's choice of words
figurative language
language that is not meant to be understoood literally and includes the use of simile,metaphor,analogy,personifications,hyperbole,oxymoron,idiom,symbolism,irony,and pharadox
setting
the time and place of a story;includes its surroundings and environment
mood
the feeling created in the reader
tone
the writer's attitude towards the subject
atmosphere
the feeling created by mood,tone, and settong
Cause and effect
a realtionship that explains how one thing makes something else happpen
Problem and Solution
a realtionship that shows how a conflict or issue(the problem) is answered(the solution)
Keywords for Causes
because,due to,for,since,first,(the)cause is
Keywords for effects
as a result,resulted in,therefore,consequently,(the)result is,thus
Climax
Turning point
Falling action
the events that accur after the climax
plot
the story
flashback
earlier accidents
suspense
the reader's feeling of uncertainty and wanting to know more
resolution
the point at which the conflict is resolved
dramatic irony
the reader knows something one character doesnt know
foreshadowing
hints about the future
rising action
introduction to the major conflict
exposition
background information
conflict
the probelm the main character faces