The soviet premier declared Soviet support for war of national liberation aimed at China who was competeing with Soviet Union for influence in 3rd World but JFK thought the US and Russia were locked in struggle for Asia, Africa, and Latin America. JFK advcated financial and technical assistance to 3rd world nations to acheive economic modernization. Problems arose in Asia when Ngo Dinh Diem, a French Roman Catholic who was backed up by US, prevented the holding of free elections wanting to get more assistance from the US. JFK gave economic aid to Diem but denied troops from going over. Kennedy gave financial aid, technical assistance, and counterinsurgency in order to build strong, stable, Western democracies in the less-developed areas of Asia. The most obvious result of this support was the increase of American advisors to South Vietnam from less than 1,000 in 1961 to more than 16,000 in 1963. JFK knew that the fate of S. Vietnam would be determined by the Vietnamese. The intensified struggle in Saigon made American involvment certain.