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1. Studying Human Anatomy
Terms in this set (86)
A cutting open. We study the external and internal structures of the body and the physical relationships among body parts.
We study function and how living organisms perform their vital functions.
Gross anatomy. The examination of large structural features typically visible to the unaided eye.
Histology. The examination of structures that can't be seen without magnification.
First level of the organization of the human body. Atoms combine to form molecules with complex shapes and molecular characteristics that underlie function.
Second level of the organization of the human body. The smallest living units of the body, cells and the organelle in them are designed for particular functions.
Third level of the organization of the human body. _____ are groups of cells and cell products working together to perform specific functions
Fourth level of the organization of the human body. All _____ consist of multiple tissues working to perform several functions.
Organ system level
Fifth level of the organization of the human body. All organs interact in ______
Sixth and final level of the organization of the human body. All organ systems work together to maintain life and health.
System that protects against environmental hazards; helps control body temperature.
System that provides support; protects tissues; stores minerals; forms blood cells.
System that produces movement; provides support; generates heat.
System that directs immediate responses to stimuli, usually by coordinating the activities of other organ systems.
System that directs long-term changes in other organ systems.
System that transports cells and dissolved materials, including nutrients, wastes, and gases.
System that defends against infection and disease; returns tissue fluid to the bloodstream.
System that delivers air to sites where gas exchange occurs between the air and circulating blood; produces sound.
System that processes food and absorbs nutrients.
System that eliminates excess water, salts, wastes; controls pH.
System that produces sex cells and hormones; supports embryonic development from fertilization to birth (female).
Anatomical term used to refer to what is above something.
Anatomical term used to refer to what is below something.
Anatomical term used to refer to away from the midline of the body.
Anatomical term used to refer to toward the midline of the body.
Anatomical term used to refer to closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
Anatomical term used to refer to farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
Anatomical term used for on or near the surface.
Anatomical term used for away from the surface.
Anatomical term used for back.
Anatomical term used for towards the belly or front.
Anatomical term used for towards the head.
Anatomical term used for oward the tail.
Hands at the sides with palms facing forward; feet together.
Lying face up in the anatomical position.
Lying face down in the anatomical position.
Situated on or affecting the same side of the body.
Situated on or affecting the opposite side of the body.
Any vertical plane that divides the body into ventral and dorsal (belly and back) sections.
An X-Z plane, parallel to the ground, which separates the superior from the inferior, or the head from the feet.
An Y-Z plane, perpendicular to the ground, which separates left from right.
A plane in the midline; i.e. it would pass through midline structures such as the navel or spine, and all other sagittal planes (also referred to as parasagittal planes) are parallel to it.
Front of elbow
Dorsal (part of body)
Lower back (loin)
Back of knee
Heel or foot
Sole of foot
Upper half of body
Lower half of body
Right upper quadrant (RUQ), Left upper quadrant (LUQ), Right lower quadrant (RLQ), Left lower Quadrant (LLQ)
4 more vague quadrants of the abdomen.
Right hypochondriac region
Body region located in the upper right section of the abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs
Body region located between the right and left hypochondriac region in the upper section of the abdomen
Left hypochondriac region
Body region located in the upper-left section of the abdomen beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs
Right lumber region
Body region located in the middle-right section of the abdomen beneath the right hypochondriac region
Body region located in the middle section of the abdomen,between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epigastric region
Left lumbar region
Body region located in the middle-left section of the abdomen, beneath the left hypochondriac region
Right inguinal (iliac) region
Body region located in the lower-right section of the abdomen,beneath the right lumbar region
Body region located in the lower middle section of the abdomen beneath the umbilical region
Left inguinal(iliac) region
Body region located in the lower-left section of the abdomen,beneath the left lumbar region
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