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15 terms

Ecology Chapter One Vocabulary

Chapter One in new book! WOOT!
STUDY
PLAY
biosphere
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or other planet) where living organisms exist
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
commensalism
the relation between two different kinds of organisms when one receives benefits from the other without damaging it
community
(ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other
consumer
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
ecology
the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
habitat
Place where an Organism lives
limiting factor
factor that causes the growth of a population to decrease
mutualism
the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent
niche
(ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)
parasitism
the relation between two different kinds of organisms in which one receives benefits from the other by causing damage to it (usually not fatal damage)
population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area
producer
an organism that makes its own food
symbiosis
the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent