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26 terms

Endocrine Hormones Chart

A&P, UH Hilo
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Adrenal outer cortex
Hormone: aldosterone
Target Organ: kidney, DCT
Effect: Increase Na+ reabsorption into bloodstream
Adrenal inner cortex
Hormone: androgens (testosterone and estrogen)
Target Organ: multiple sites in male&female
Effect: maintain secondary sex characteristics
Adrenal medulla
Hormone: epinephrine/nor-epinephrine
Target Organ: liver (glucose), heart (contractions), vessels (to gut, skin, kidney, periphery, heart, brain, skeletal muscles, bronchioles, pupils)
Effect: -Increase breakdown of glycogen, glucose, and fats
-Increase heart rate and contraction force
-Constrict: gut, skin, kidney, periphery
-Dilate: heart, brain, skeletal muscles
-Dilate: bronchioles, pupils
Thyroid (C cells)
Hormone: calcitronin
Target Organ: kidney, bone
Effect: Decrease Ca++ in blood and increase Ca++ in bone
Parathyroid
Hormone: PTH
Target Organ: Kidney, bone
Effect: Increase Ca++ in bone, stimulates osteoclasts (to chew up old bone)
Kidney
Hormone: erythropoietin
Target Organ: bone marrow
Effect: Produce RBC's (erythrocytes)
Kidney + Liver
Hormone: renin-angiotensin
Target Organs: bone marrow, adrenal, hypothalamus, peripheral vessels
Effect: produce RBC's (bone marrow), secrete aldosterone (adrenal gland), secrete ADH (hypothalamus), and constrict (peripheral vessels)
Pancreas (A cells)
Hormone: glucagon
Target Organ: liver, skeletal muscle cells
Effect: breakdown of glycogen (into glucose)
Pancreas (B cells)
Hormone: insulin
Target Organ: liver, body cells
Effect: glycogen synthesis, cells uptake of glucose
Pineal gland
Hormone: melatonin
Target Organ: ??? They DK
Effect: set circadian rythms, induce sleep, inhibit reproduction
Heart
Hormone: ANP
Target Organ: Kidney DCT, collecting ducts
Effect: Increase Na+ and H20 excretion
Adipose tissue
Hormone: leptin
Target Organ: hypothalamus
Effect: reduce appetite
Stomach (G cells)
Hormone: gastrin
Target Organ: stomach chief cells, parietal cells, smooth muscles.
Effect: Increase gastric secretions (HCl) and motility
Stomach (D cells)
Hormone: Somatostatin (SST)
Target Organ: Stomach G cells
Effect: Inhibits gastric activity (opposite of gastrin effects)
Parathyroid + Kidney
Hormone: calcitriol
Target Organ: intestines
Effect: Increase Ca++ absorption from intestinal tract
Intestine interoendocrine
Hormones: GIP, CCK, secretin, and motilin
Target Organ: stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestineal smooth muscles.
Effects: *Look back at ch.24!
Releasing Hormones come from where (mostly)?
hypothalamus
The Hormones released by RH are found where (mostly)?
adenohypophysis
adenohypophysis
Another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
T3, T4
Releasing Hormone: TRH
Hormone: TSH
Target Gland: Thyroid-follicles
Hormone: _______?
Effects: Increase Cell metabolism
glucocorticoids
Releasing Hormone: CRH
Hormone: ACTH
Target Gland: adrenal-mid cortex
Hormone:_______?
Effects: Increase glucose synthesis, Decrease inflammation (*anti-inflammatory), and increase glycogen formation.
somatostatins
Releasing Hormone: GHRH/GHIH
Hormone: GH
Target Gland: Liver
Hormone:________?
Effects: Increase protein synthesis & cell growth
Breakdown of lipids+glycogen
ADH
NON-Releasing Hormone: ______?
Target Gland: kidney, DCT, collecting ducts
Effects: Increase H20 reabsorption to blood
Oxytocin
NON-Releasing Hormone: ________?
Target Gland: Uterus, and mammary glands
Effects: -stimulates birth contractions -stimulates mammary gland milk ejection
Where are the non-releasing hormones found?
neurohyophysis
neurohypophysis
Another name for the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland