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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Terms in this set (30)
During 400's C.E. settled in what is now France and western Germany emerged as one of the strongest Germanic groups. Held power until the early 700's C.E.
King of the Franks who conquered much of Western Europe, great patron of literature and learning
A person who lived on and farmed a lords land in feudal times.
In the middle ages a noble who was usually given a land (fief) by his lord in exchange for protection.
a person who is entitled by law or by the terms of a will to inherit the estate of another.
publicly expressed honor or respect
The second stage to becoming a knight.
A system where land owned by nobles was rented out to peasants in exchange for protection.
Three Field System
a system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farm land was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop, planted with a spring crop, and left unplanted.
A set of rules followed by the majority of monastic communities that calls all monks to observe poverty, chastity, and obedience.
An opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
The act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church
The Seljuk Turks
a Muslim people from central Asia that took Jerusalem during the Crusades.
Pope Urban II
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church who asked European Christians to take up arms against Muslims, starting the Crusades
The leader of the Muslims in the third crusade and captured Jerusalem in 1187.
the everyday speech of the people.
Established in Medieval Europe, the _________included a hierarchy of the Master Craftsman (typically the owner of the business), Journeymen (skilled workers paid by the hour or by the piece), and Apprentices (who worked for room and board plus training).
Estates given out during feudalism
The belief of an unbroken connection between the popes and bishops with the Apostles; bishops are the successors of the Apostles.
The First Crusade
The only crusade to successfully capture the Holy Land.
The Third Crusade
First battles were successful, but the Europeans were unable to take Jerusalem. A truce with Saladin was called that allowed Christian Pilgrims to visit.
A Court created in the Catholic church to discover and deal with heretics (also called the Holy Office). People very rarely expected the......
The Norman Conquest
The defeat of England by French Norman invaders under Duke William of Normandy.
The Magna Carta
A document limiting the power of English kings
The Hundred Years War
Was a conflict between England and France from 1337 to 1453; Fought over lands England possessed in France.
Joan of Arc
French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king.
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine came before the Protestant Reformation (1328-1384).
"Scripture alone." It is the belief that all man needs for salvation is the Bible. This is a tenet for most Protestants.
Ferdinand and Isabella
During the late 15th century, they became King and Queen of a united Spain after centuries of Islamic domination. Together, they made Spain a strong Christian nation and also provided funding to overseas exploration, notably Christopher Columbus.
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