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Terms in this set (12)
A change in the DNA or sequence of nucleotides.
Any agent that causes a change in DNA; examples include radiation, chemicals, high temperatures, etc.
A change in a single base pare of DNA; 3 types; least harmful.
Point mutation that results in a single amino acid change within the protein.
Point mutation that creates a premature "stop" codon, causing the protein to be shortened.
Point mutation that do not cause amino acid changes within the protein.
A single base is added or deleted from the mRNA; shifts the entire code; most harmful.
Causes a change in the structure or number of chromosomes in a cell; 4 types
Chromosomal mutation; part of the chromosome is left out.
Chromosomal mutation; part of a chromosome breaks off and attaches to its sister chromatid, giving it duplicated genes.
Chromosomal mutation; part of the chromosome breaks off and is reinserted backwards.
Chromosomal mutation; part of the chromosome breaks off and is added to a different chromosome.
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