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28 terms

APUSH Chapter 23 Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Warren Harding
president after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act (1922)
Increase of tariff rates.
Bureau of Budget
created in 1921 to assist the President in preparing estimates for annual expenditures and receipts
Teapot Dome
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Calvin Coolidge
elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States
Assembly Line
mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it
Open Shop
a company whose workers are hired without regard to their membership in a labor union
Welfare Capitalism
when companies provide incentives to build better relationships with employees; health insurance, safety standards, buy stock in the company
Jazz Age
Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime
Consumerism
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
Charles Lindberg
the prospects for commercial flight seemed dim until the 1920's, when this man's famous solo flight from New York to Paris electrified the nation and the world.
Sigmund Freud
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
Margaret Sanger
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood
Modernism
practices typical of contemporary life or thought
Fundamentalism
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
Revivalists
Spurred by protestant preachers who thought Americans had become immoral and reviving religious practices was vital to country's future these preachers wanted to revive & reenergize role of religion in America
Volstead Act (1919)
This law that established a Prohibition Bureau within the Treasury Department was under budgeted and largely ineffective, especially in strongly anti-prohibition states
Organized Crime
professional criminals or gangsters earned big money providing society alcohol
Immigration Quota Laws
1921: Limited immigration to 3% of number of foreign-born citizens from a given nation counted in 1910 Census. 1924: Set quotas of 2% based on the Census of 1890. These laws chiefly restricted groups considered "undesirale" to nativists.
Sacco and Vanzetti
In 1920 these two men were convicted of murder and robbery. They were found guilty and died in the electric chair unfairly
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society of white Southerners in the United States
Disarmament
act of reducing or depriving of arms
Washington Conference (1921)
US, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy to reduce naval tonnage and halt construction for 10 years; US and Japan to respect Pacific territorial holdings, Kellog-Briand Pact to "outlaw war"
Kellogg-Briand Treaty (1928)
Renounced the aggressive use of force to achieve national ends.
War Debts
During the war, the United States loaned huge amounts of funds to help with the war but the debts took too long to be paid back. Germany had a hard time paying back their debts.
Reparations
payment for damages after a war
Dawes Plan (1924)
U.S. Investors give to Wall Street Bankers give private loans to German pays reparations to Britain and France who pay debts to US treas.