Upgrade to remove ads
AP Gov: Chapter 5: Interest Groups
Terms in this set (28)
The process in which a union represents a group of employees in negotiations with the employer about wages, benefits, and workplace safety.
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.
A term the founders used to refer to political parties and special interest or interest groups.
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and competing groups can check the asserted power by any one group.
A collection of people who share a common interest or attitude and seek to influence government for specific ends. They usually work within the framework of government, and try to achieve their goals through tactics such as lobbying.
A large body of people interested in a common issue, idea, or concern that is of continuing significance and who are willing to take action. Movements seek to change attitudes and institutions, not just policies.
A company with a labor agreement under which union membership cannot be required as a condition if employment.
A company with a labor agreement under which union membership can be a condition of employment.
An individual who does not join a group representing his or her interests yet received the benefits of the group's influence.
Groups of individuals who share a common profession and are often organized for common political purposes related to that profession.
Nongovernmental organizations (NGO)
A nonprofit association or group operating outside government that advocates and pursues policy objectives.
How groups organize to pursue their goals or objectives, including how to get individuals or groups to cooperate and participate. The term has many implications in the various social sciences such as political sciences, sociology, and economics.
Synonymous with "collective action", specifically studies how government officials, politicians, and voters respond to positive and negative incentives.
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials, especially legislators, and the policies they enact.
An official document, published every weekday, that lists the new and proposed regulations or executive departments and regulatory agencies.
"Amicus curiae" brief
Literally a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individual or organization urging the Supreme Court to hear a case (or discouraging it from doing so) or, at the merits stage, to present arguments in addition to those presented by the immediate parties to a case.
Independent expenditure-only PACs that may accept donations of any size and can endorse candidates. Their contributions and expenditures must be periodically reported to the FEC.
A tactic in which a PAC collects contributions from like-minded individuals (each limited to $2,000) and present them to a candidate or political party as a "bundle", thus increasing the PAC's influence.
A person who is employed by and acts for an organized interest group or corporation to try to influence policy decisions and positions in the executive and legislative branches.
An employment cycle in which individuals who work for government agencies that regulate interests eventually end up working for interest groups or businesses with the same policy concern.
Relationships among interest groups, congressional committees and sub-committies, and the government agencies that share a common policy concern.
Political action committee (PAC)
The political arm of an interest group that is legally entitled to raise funds on a voluntary basis from members, stockholders, or employees to contribute funds to candidates or political parties.
A PAC formed by an officeholder that collects contributions from individuals and other PACs and then makes contributions to other candidates and political parties.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA)
Largely banned party soft money, restoring long-standing prohibition on corporations and labor unions use of general treasury funds for electoral purposes, and narrowed the definition of issue advocacy.
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party-building purposes. Now largely illegal except for limited contributions to state or local parties for voter registration and get-out-the-vote efforts.
the Supreme Court has ruled that individuals, groups, and parties can spend unlimited amounts in campaigns for or against candidates as long as they opperate indpendently from the candidates. When an individual, group, or party does so, they are making an independent expenditure.
Unlimited and undisclosed spending by an individual group on communications that don't use words like "vote for" or "vote against", although much of this activity is actually about electing or defeating candidates.
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS Code that may accept and spend unlimited amounts of money on election activities so long as they are not spent on broadcast ads run in the last
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American Government Chapter 11: The Presidency
Chapter 2 review
AP GOV Unit 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Government by the People Ch. 5 vocab
ap gov ch 6 vocab
Chapter 6: Interest Groups
AP Gov Chapter 6
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Gov: Chapter 18 - Making Foreign and Defense Po…
SP Gov: Chapter 17 - Making Social Policy
AP Gov - Chapter 16: Making Economic Policy
AP Gov: Chapter 15 - Civil Rights