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Terms in this set (55)
what indicates a slow moving object on a distance time graph?
What equals distance divided by time?
What is the distance from the starting point and the direction from the starting point when motion ends?
What is the effect of friction?
To slow down or stop the motion of an object
What are the two major qualities of a force?
Direction and magnitude
What is responsible for pulling objects toward the center of the earth without direct contact or impact?
If objects of different mass have the same force applied to them, which object will travel the furthest?
The object with less mass
When unbalanced forces are applied to an object, which way will the object move?
The direction of the more powerful force
What is the tendency of objects to resist a change in their motion?
Where does solar wind easily enter the atmosphere?
At the north and south poles
One rotation of the planet is also called
What is the primary cause of high tides on earth?
The gravitational pull of the moon on earth's waters
When does a solar eclipse occur?
When the moon's shadow falls on the earth
What is caused by the amount of the sunlit side of the moon visible on earth based on the relative positions of the earth, moon, and sun?
During what is neither the northern nor the southern hemisphere pointed at the sun?
What gets the greatest amount of sunlight in the course of a year?
regions near the equator
What type of tide occurs when the gravities of the sun and moon combine twice a month, o produce an extra-high tidal bulge and extra-lo tidal lip?
The orbit of a planet closer to the sun will be
faster the orbit of a planet farther away from the sun
The ________ is the smallest, then ___________, then ____________, and the ______________ is the largest
Solar system, milky way galaxy, local group, and universe
If you were to travel to mars, would your weight change?
Yes, due to the different gravitational pull on that planet
Why would someone weigh the most on Jupiter than all the other planets?
Because it is the most massive
If max notices that his cell phone no longer has a signal his TV and radio won't tune into any stations, and there are colorful lights in the sky he is probably experiencing a
What are the three main types of galaxies?
spiral, elliptical, and irregular
What planet in our solar system is the farthest away from the sun?
What are the objects that make up our solar system?
The sun, planets, dwarf planets, moons, meteoroids, asteroids, and comets
What causes venus' temp to be very high?
The greenhouse effect
What is the correct order of the layers of the sun's atmosphere from the outermost layer to the innermost layer?
Corona, chromosphere, and photosphere
What has occurred when a prominence connects and hot gases explode from the sun's surface releasing huge amounts of energy into space?
a solar flare
What is the instrument used which would allow an astronomer to identify the chemical elements present in a star?
What is a possible solution to the risk and expense of sending humans into space?
When an object reflects all colors of light well and equally, what color does it appear to be?
What does ROY G BIV stand for?
Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet
How are the waves of radiation arranged on the electromagnetic spectrum?
By wavelength which indicates energy level
____________ is transmitted by waves
A material through which waves travel is a ______________________
What is a repeating disturbance or vibration which transfers energy?
Sound waves, water waves, rope waves, and spring (slinky) waves are classified as what type of wave?
Light waves, microwaves, and x-rays are classified as what type of wave?
What are the two ways to measure a wave's wavelength?
From one crest to the next crest, or from one trough to the next trough
What is the number of wavelengths that pass a point each second?
A waves frequency
What part of the ear amplifies sound?
What part of the ear captures sound waves?
What is transparent tissue that transmits and refracts light to the pupil?
What part of the eye is composed of tiny nerve cells that translate the energy of light waves into nerve impulses, which one relayed to the brain, where they interpreted as sight.
What part of the eye is a tiny muscle that controls the amount of light that enters the eye?
What do we see when we look at the sun?
What is required to see white light separated to the entire visible light spectrum?
What type of tool is used to demonstrate how your eye focuses light?
What type of space exploration tool is used to orbit an object and record data?
What type of telescope collects visible light?
What is an electromagnetic wave?
Where do we receive the most visible light and heat from during a summer solstice?
What is half of the height of a wave?
What 2 things indicate the energy level of an electromagnetic wave?
Wavelength and frequency
As the waves in the electromagnetic increase in energy, what decreases in wavelength?
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