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10 terms

AP Poetry Terms 7, 8, and 9 - Figures of Speech: Simile and Metaphor; Symbolism, Allegory; and Syntax

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figurative language
to convey a meaning other than the actual meaning of the words
hyperbole
an exaggeration or an understatement
synecdoche
using a part to signify the whole
metonymy
substituting an attribute of a thing for the thing itself
personification
endowing inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate characteristics or qualities
metaphor
establishes a comparison without an explicit verbal cue; the comparison is implied in such a way that the figurative term is substituted for or identified with the literal one
simile
establishes a comparison explicitly with the words "like" or "as"
symbol
any object or action that represents something beyond itself; these are less systematic and more openended in their interpretation
allegory
a form of narrative in which people, places, and happenings have hidden or symbolic meaning; establishes a strict system of correspondences between deails of action and a pattern of meaning
syntax
the arrangement of words in a sentence, phrase, or clause; this refers to the grammatical strucure of words in sentences and the deployment of sentences in longer units throughout the poem; an important element of tone