History Chapter 5 vocab
Terms in this set (35)
people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000B.C
10 year war against the Mycenaeans and the trojans
moved in after the Mycenaean civilization collapsed. They spoke Greek. Not that advanced.
greatest storyteller of Greek tradition
narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds
city-state that was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece
government ruled by kings or monarchs
government ruled by a small group of noble, land-owning families
government ruled by a few powerful people
fearsome formation which was the most powerful fighting force in the ancient world
powerful individuals who gained control of the government by appealing to the poor and the discontented for support
peasants forced to stay on the land they worked
rule by the people
wars between Greece and the Persian Empire
a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
values of order, balance, and proportion
a serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, war, or betrayal
contained scenes filled with slapstick situations and crude humor. Satires or works that poked fun at the subject. Often made fun of customs, politics, respected people, or ideas at the time.
Athens vs. Sparta
great thinkers who were determined to seek the truth, no matter where the search led them
strongest critic of the Sophists. Believed that absolute standards did exist for truth and justice.
student of Socrates. Set forth his vision of a perfectly governed society. Not a democracy.
philosopher who questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge. Invented Psychology, physics, and biology
dreamed of first taking control of Greece. Also dreamed of invading Persia and seizing its wealth
a kingdom north of Greece
Athenian orator who tried to warn the greeks about Philip ll
Alexander the Great
son of Philip ll. Made accomplishments over 13 years such as conquering the Persian Empire
new culture of greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences
African city which became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization
highly regarded mathematician who opened a school of geometry in Alexandria. Wrote the "Elements"
Another Hellenistic scientist who was gifted in geometry and physics. Invented the "Archimedes screw," and a catapult
Colossus of Rhodes
a Hellenistic bronze statue of 100 feet on the island of Rhodes