58 terms

Dance Final

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Terms in this set (...)

Jazz walk
traveling movement with the weight on the balls of the feet and your knees slightly bent
6 step- jazz walk
traveling movement with the weight on the balls of the feet and your knees slightly bent in a specific pattern; cross step step cross step step
Chassé
a step in which one foot literally chases the other foot; cousin to gallop
Chaîné
chains or links; a series of rapid turns done on the balls of your feet in a straight line or a circle
Jazz square (box step)
a movement that creates the shape of a square by stepping in four corners
Grapevine (pas de bourrée)
a small stepping movement in which the dancer either skims smoothly across the floor or transfers the weight from foot with a side step, step behind the support foot, side step again, & step across support foot.
Kick-ball-change
a kick with the foot and a step with a partial weight change
Combination
connecting numerous choreographic movements together
Plié
to bend; a bending of the knee or knees
Tendu
to stretch
Dégagé
to disengage
Demi
half
Grande
big, large
En croix
in the shape of a cross
En avant
to the front
Á la seconde
to the side
Derrière
behind; to the back
Ronde de jambe
round of the leg; "a movement done to the front, then to the side, then the back and then again to the side"
Port de bras
carriage of the arm
Frappé
to strike; " striking the floor with the moving foot"
Fondue
To melt; "used to describe a lowering of the body made by bending the knee of the supporting leg"
Relevé
"on the balls of the feet" or "demi-ponte"
Passé
"when the foot is placed near, on, below, or above the other knee"
6th position
neutral first, parallel, sixth position
Contraction
Tightening the abdominals, tucking the pelvis, and forming a "C" with the torso so that the shoulders are over the pelvis. [Graham technique].
Lateral T
A side or forward stretch of the torso, with the leg in arabesque or a la seconde (Horton Technique)
Flat back
Position in which the legs are in parallel, the back is kept flat, parallel to the floor, with the torso hinged at the hips. [Horton technique].
Sustained
Movement performed with flowing consistently and without accent.
Triplet
Three steps usually done in a down (plié) up (relevé), up (relevé) sequence.
Prance
The transfer of weight from one leg to the other, but weight is transferred toe-ball-heel. Weight is carried vertically. Can be done with straight or bent legs.
Locomotive Skills
Basic movements that create the ability to move in more complex ways
8 locomotive skills are:
walk, run, hop, jump, leap, skip, slide, & gallop
Gallop
one foot catches the other; cousin to the chassé
Hop
a spring upwards from one foot and lands on the same foot
Jump
a spring upwards from both feet and lands on both feet
Leap
a spring upwards from one foot and lands on the other foot
All 3 movements (hop, jump, leap) can be done in any direction
Jazz
Jazz History
Jazz, Tap and Musical Theater are all closely related in terms of movements and style
Father of Theatrical Jazz
Jack Cole
The Rhythms and Style of Jazz dance music originated with the African Slaves.
20th Century Jazz Choreographers/Performers
- Bill "Bojangles" Robinson
- Jack Cole
- Jerome Robbins
- Fred Astaire
- Gene Kelly
- Bob Fosse
Where did ballet originate?
The Italian Renaissance during the 15th Century
Which king popularized ballet? What was his nickname?
King Louis XIV of France - The Sun King
Which of these ballet companies is the oldest?
Paris Opera Ballet (France)
What year was the oldest company founded?
1673
What is the name of the first ballerina to dance on pointe?
Marie Taglioni
What is an interesting fact about women's roles in ballet before 1681?
They were danced by men
What ballet marked the beginning of the Romantic Age of ballet?
La Sylphide
What choreographer was best known for bringing ballet to America?
George Balanchine
Who were the ORIGINAL choreographers of the ballet "Giselle"?
Jules Perrot and Jean Coralli
**Write a short synopsis of the ballet "Giselle".**
Main Characters of Giselle:
Giselle, Berthe, Albrecht, Hilarion, Bathhilda & Myrtha
Giselle:
A beautiful peasant girl who loves to dance
Berthe:
Giselle's Mother
Albrecht:
a nobleman who disguises himself as a peasant Loys, to woo Giselle
Hilarion:
A peasant in love with Giselle
Bathhilda:
A daughter of a Duke engaged to Albrecht
Myrtha:
Queen of the Wilis
Peasants:
Royal visitors and the ghostly dancing Wilis
MODERN
Martha Graham
Considered to be the 20th century's most important modern dancer, Mother of Modern Dance, Used "contraction & release" principles in choreography and used drama in her choreography, for example "Night Journey", based on the Athenian tragedy "Oedipus Rex"
**Write a short synopsis of the ballet "Giselle".**

Plot Summary:
As the ballet begins, a nobleman named Albrecht is busily wooing a young, beautiful peasant girl named Giselle. Albrecht leads the young maiden to believe that he is a farmer named Loys. Giselle falls in love with the man, unaware that he is already betrothed to Bathilde, daughter of the Duke. She agrees to marry the man, despite the romantic advancements of another peasant, Hilarion, who suspects that Albrecht is an imposter. Giselle wants badly to dance, but her mother warns her that she has a weak heart.

A Prince and his entourage are soon announced by a hunting horn. When the prince's daughter realizes that she and Giselle are both engaged, she gives her a gold necklace. Hilarion tells Giselle that Albrecht has been deceiving her, that he is actually a nobleman. Bathilde quickly reveals to Giselle that Albrecht is indeed her fiance. Horrified and weak, Giselle goes mad and dies of a broken heart.

The second act of the ballet takes place in a forest beside Giselle's grave. The Queen of the ghostly Wilis, virgins who have died of unrequited love, calls upon them to accept Giselle as one of their own. When Hilarion stops by, the Wilis make him dance to his death. But when Albrecht arrives, Giselle (now a Wili herself) dances with him until the Wilis' power is lost, when the clock strikes four. Realizing that Giselle has saved him, Albrecht cries at her grave.

Interesting Facts About Giselle:

The role of Giselle is one of the most sought-after in ballet. To win the role, a ballerina must have near perfect technique, outstanding grace, and great drama skills.

Giselle revolves around the themes of forest spirits, forces of nature, and death. The second act of the ballet, in which everyone is wearing white, is known as the "white act."