Archaeologists of Pompeii and Herculaneum


Terms in this set (...)

Karl Weber
18th century // first organised excavation of P & H // produced diagrams and plans of specific areas eg Villa of the Papyri // laid the groundwork for future excavation of the site eg systamtically recorded finds and excavations // studied rather than plundered
Francesco la Vega
18th century // spainish engineer who succeeded Weber // uncovered odeon, theatre, Temple of Isis and gladiator barracks
Giuseppe Fiorelli
19th century // director of excavations 1860-74 // director of Naples National Archaeological Museum // divided the towns into a system of regions and insulae // published his findings in three volumes // methodical excavation layer by layer // introduced plaster casts // pioneer of modern technology // excavated top-down to better preserve buildings
Michele Ruggiero
19th century // head of excavations 1875-93 // continued Fiorelli's work on restoring roofs to protect mosaics inside houses // published excavation reports and findings // restored many houses eg the House of the Silver Wedding // excavated the cemetery outside of Pompeii
August Mau
19th century // created a system for organising the styles of artwork in Pompeii // creates order and ability to categorise
Vittorio Spinazzola
20th century // excavation supervisor 1910-23 // uncovered 400m of Via dell'Abbondanza // strong focus of restoring houses on the main road // photographically recorded stages of excavation
Amedo Maiuri
20th century // in charge of excavations from 1924-61// focused on uncovering large sections from region I and II // excavated Ins III in Herculaneum // excavated amphitheatre and palaestra // proposed ideas which are still debated today
Pietro Giovanni Guzzo
21st century // superintendent of Pompeii // collaborated with David W. Packard to launch HCP // worked on preserving and conserving the site rather than excavating // UNESCO made Pompeii a world heritage site
Andrew Wallace-Hadrill
21st century // director of the HCP and former leader of the British School at Rome // he focuses on preserving the sites long term
Estelle Lazer
20th century // forensic anthropologist who studies skeletal remains // findings have challenged traditional ideas of how people lived and died in Pompeii
Penelope Allison
20st century // disproved theories that were taken as fact eg the use of certain rooms in the house // specialises in 'household archaeology' // studied 30 houses and their artefacts
Wilhelmina Jashemski
20th century // contributed to the excavations of Pompeii specialising in the gardens and horticultural aspects // her publications lead to the creation of a new field of archaeology
Herculaneum Conservation Project (HCP)
21st century // established by David W. Packard to support the Italian state with the conservation of Herculaneum // directed by Andrew Wallace-Hadrill // running since 2001 // works to preserve and conserve Herculaneum in an effort to prevent it from falling into further decay
Jaye Pont
21st century // expert in ancient pottery // ceramist // believes the pottery in Pompeii was made not imported // studied the pottery mixture and found that the clay used was local to the Campania region
Herculaneum Conservation Project (HCP)
ongoing // directed by Andrew Wallace-Hadrill and established by David W. Packard // focuses on the conservation of Herculaneum as its a "unique part of history which has been well persevered since 79AD" // It works with the Soprintendenza and is supported by the British School at Rome // Focus of conservation has been the infrastructural problems, ie roofing and drains
British School at Rome (BSR)
Ongoing // is a humanities and fine arts institute which is based in Rome which "acts a bridge between the intellectual and cultural history of Roman and academic researchers from the Commonwealth" // It focuses in-depth on individual insulae in Pompeii, ensuring that all information is extracted // The main issue for this is the lack of careful excavation done previously
Anglo-American Project
Ongoing // Its priority in Pompeii is to "record, understand and preserve what has already been exposed." // works in collaboration with the Soprintendenza of Pompeii as well as other Italian archaeological authorities // It is focusing on a complete block in Pompeii (Reg VI, Ins 1) and applying modern scientific methods and techniques to ask new questions to gain a new insight into Pompeian life
Packard Humanities Institute
Ongoing // non-profit foundation established in 1987 to "foster public interest in history..." // directed by David W. Packard and also in joint with Andrew Wallace-Hadrill created the HCP // It realised that private funding was required for the history of Pompeii and Herculaneum to be conserved and so began to assist with funding in these areas
Fausto Zevi
20th century // director of evacations 1977-1981 // shifted focus to restoration and conservation // initiated a complete inventory of buildings and their contents // used photography to document the site
Massimo Osanna
21st Century // Current superintendent of Pompeii as of 2014 // focusing on fixing the drainage system