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27 terms

History chapter 17 sections 1 and 2 quiz

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Renaissance
a period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
city-states
a city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit
Medici Family
a banking family that took over Florence; they had office branches throughout Italy and the in the major cities of Europe
Greco-Roman Culture
an ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures
Humanism
a Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
Humanities
Branches of knowledge concerned with human beings and their culture: philosophy, literature, and the fine arts, as distinguished from the sciences
Secular
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Patrons
person who supports artists, especially financially
"Universal Man"
a man in the renaissance who excelled in many fields, and in later ages this mad was called the "renaissance men"
Isabella d'Este
one of the few women who exercised power. She was born into the ruling family of the city-state of Ferrara, and she married the ruler of another city-state, Mantua. She took interest in art and built a famous art collection, she was skilled at politics, and when her husband was taken captive, she defended Mantua and won him back.
Perspective
a technique Renaissance painters used, which shows three dimensions on a flat surface.
Frescos
The art of painting on fresh, moist plaster with pigments dissolved in water
Donatello
made sculpture more realistic by carving natural postures and expressions that reveal personality
Leonardo
he was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and a scientist; a true "Renaissance Man"
Michelangelo
an excellent painter, sculptor, architect, and poet; He is most famous for the ways he portrayed the human body in painting and sculpture
Raphael
he learned from studying the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo. He was famous for his use of perspective, and often used the calm and gentle expressions in his sculptures
Vernacular
the everyday language of people in a region or country
Petrarch
one of the earliest and most influential humanists, some have called him the father of Renaissance humanism. He was also a great poet and wrote in both Italian and Latin
Boccaccio
an Italian writer best known for Decameron (a series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories) they are supposedly told by a group of worldly young people waiting in a rural villa to avoid the plague. This story illustrates both tragic and comic views of life
Niccolo Machiavelli
a renaissance writer famous for writing The Prince. It shows the imperfect conduct of human beings. It also examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of his enemies. He answered this question by saying people are selfish, fickle, and corrupt
Victtoria Colonna
- one of the women writers of the Renaissance; she married the Marquis of Pescara and exchanged sonnets with Michelangelo
Fontainebleau
a castle Francis I of France made into a showcase for Renaissance art, located in Paris, France. Napolean also lives here
Utopia
a way Thomas More tried show a better model of society, and in Greek, "Utopia" means "no place
Christine de Pizana
a woman writer who spoke out against men getting educated and women not getting educated; she was one of the first European writers to question different treatment of boys and girls
Elizabethan Age
The Age in which the Renaissance spread to England in the 1500s
Johann Gutenberg
a craftsman from Mainz, Germany who developed a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way
The Globe
where Shakespeare's plays were originally performed