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The Last of the Mohicans

1757. Leatherstocking Tales. First genuine Western heroes in AMerican lit. By James Cooper. "Noble savage"

Common Sense

1776. Call for independence from Britain, opposing monarchy. Thomas Paine used biblical analogies in it.

The Federalist Papers

1787. Support the ratification of the Constitution. Challenged politics of the time by saying a large republic had best minority protection.

The Liberator

1831. Called for the "immediate and uncompensated emancipation of the slaves". By William Lloyd Garrison

Democracy in America

1835. Argued American individualism arose as a result of the absence of an aristocracy.

The Hudson River School

Mid 1800s. Group of artists led by Thomas Cole. Was the first American School of art. Painted landscapes of America's beauty.

McGuffey Readers

1836. Instruction books. 4/5 of school children read these poems, essays, stories, etc. By William McGuffey

Civil Disobedience

1849. Thoreau argued that individuals have a moral responsibility to oppose unjust laws and unjust actions by governments. Used by Dr. King for civil disobedience.

The Scarlet Letter

1850. About the legacy of Puritanism. By Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1872. Strengthened Northern opposition to slavery. By Harriet Beech Stowe, second only to the Bible in sales.


1854. About transcendentalism (truth through inner reflection and exposure to nature). By Henry David Thoreau.

Horatio Alger Stories

1867-1899. 270 dime novels about rags to riches stories.

A Century of Dishonor

1881. Raised public awareness of the gov's record of betraying Native Americans. Helen Hunt Jackson.

The Influence of Sea Power upon History

1890. Argued that control of the sea was key to world dominance. Helped grow the US naval power.

How the Other Half Lives

1890. Jacob Riis took pictures of poverty and slums in New York City.

The Significance of the Frontier

1893. Development of American individualism and democracy was shaped by the frontier experience. Focused on a lacking of feudal aristocracy.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

1900. Written as a political commentary on free silver and the plight of american farmers. L. Frank Baum.

The Ashcan School of Art

early 1900s. Eight artist led by John Sloan. Focused on depicting urban scenes such as crowded tenements and boisterous barrooms.

The Jungle

1906. Exposed Chicago's meatpacking industry. Muckraking novel. Helped with the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act of 1906. Upton Sinclair


1907. Held that truth was to be tested, above all, by the practical consequences of an idea, by action rather than theories. Did not believe in absolute truth. William James.

Lost Generation of the 1920s.

1920s. Writers were disillusioned with American society during the 1920s. sinclair lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald

Harlem Renaissance

1920s. Created distinctive African American lit. Expressed pride in there black culture. Langston Hughes.


Popular among youth because it symbolized a desire to break with tradition. Musicians such as Joseph King Oliver

The Organization Man

1956. criticizes the homogeneous cultures of the 1950s. Criticizes American conformity. WH Whyte.

On the Road

1957. Expressed alienation of the Beat Generation of the 1950s. Rejected middle class conformity. Jack Kerouac.

Rock and Roll

1950s. Music inspired by black musical tradition. Elvis Presley.

Silent Spring

1962. Protested the contamination of the air, land, and water with chemical insecticides such as DDT. Sparked the environmental movement. Rachel Carson.

Letter from Birmingham Jail

Argued citizens have a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. Martin Luther King Jr

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