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Terms in this set (56)
The Louisiana Purchase and Western Expansion
The early growth in the population of the Virginia colony was due to:
the Immigration of indentured workers
Why were Europeans interested in finding a passage to India?
They wanted to access the Asian commercial market.
The Great Awakening was among the intellectual trends behind the American Revolution because:
It allowed religious plurality and diversity
The Spanish-American war occurred over what issue?
the independence of Cuba
President Theodore Roosevelt's policy of prosecuting monopolies, or "trusts," that violated federal antitrust law.
How were urbanization and industrialization developed in the post WWI American economy?
Industries serving the urban household started to rise
How did WWII help the American economy?
Munitions factories employed more laborers and helped solve the unemployment problem
Lend Lease Act
the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II. It authorized the president to transfer arms or any other defense materials for which Congress appropriated money to "the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States."
Which demographic was most impacted by the changes in the Immigration Act of 1965?
Why was the Persian Empire the first "world empire"?
it integrated each of its satraps into the imperial bureaucracy in order to ensure long term production and payment tribute
The March on the Pentagon in 1967
first national protest against the war, exemplified the agonizingly divisive debate over Vietnam.
In Confucianism, the major qualification for serving in a public office is:
providing political merit
A series of wars between Carthage and Rome, ending with the destruction of Carthage which marked the Rome's emergence as a naval as well as a land power.
In which way is Japanese Feudalism different from European Feudalism?
In Japan, there was only one ruler to whom all lords swore fealty; while in Europe, there were many kings/great lords
What was the motivation for the Crusades?
to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule and unite Christian countries under the influence of the Pope
How did the Mongols conquer the greatest land empire in history?
They used superior military strategy & psychological warfare
What was the major cause of the Hundred Years War?
The claim of the king of England over the French crown
How did colonialism affect the European economies?
it provided them with the resources to compete against Asian economies
What was the major motivation for the German Reunification in the 19th Century?
the rising trend of centralization and consolidation in industrial nations
What were the major catalysts for European industrialization?
Expensive human capital and their relative disadvantage in global commerce
What was the underlying reason for the start of World War One?
The colonial competition between European powers
How did WWI accelerate the fall of the Russian Empire?
The war crippled the industrial economy and combined with the losses at the front inspired a revolution from the working class
What was the intellectual basis of the establishment of the three branches of the government?
Montesquieu's the Spirit of the Laws
Based on the 11th Amendment to the constitution, the Supreme Court does not have the authority to:
hear any suits brought against a state
Based on the Constitution, which one of the following is true regarding the relationship between states and the federal government?
the laws of the state take precedence over federal laws, except the Constiution
What is not a Responsibility of the federal government?
to conduct and regulate interstate trade
What is the functional basis for the existence of political parties in the United States?
to organize political ideas and influence the government's function
The United States president is elected by:
An electoral college chosen based on different criteria in each state
Compared to economic special interest groups, what is the primary goal of non-economic interest groups?
Advocate collective goods for universal benefit.
How does the republican system avoid the need for formation of coalitions for guaranteeing an effective government?
By independent election of the chief executive
What important judicial process was established by the Supreme Court case Marbury vs. Madison in 1803?
The Judicial Review
What is the major difference between the parliamentary and republican systems of representative government?
In the parliamentary system, the executive is selected by the legislative branch
Which article of the Constitution prohibits the administration of a religious test for the political candidates?
Conformal map projection
A projection that preserves the correct shapes of small areas
Convergent Plate Boundary
Places where plates crash or crunch together
How are biomass and fossil fuels related?
Over time, biomass becomes fossil fules
In what way has the modern creation of nation-states and boundaries affected the working of international commerce?
it has allowed nation-states to protect their economies and gain income through tariffs.
What is usually true about demand and supply curves?
Market demand curves slope downward and to the right and supply curves slope upward from left to right
Marginal product is:
The increase in output from adding one more worker.
In a perfectly competitive scenario, a firm's marginal revenue
is equal to the market price of its product.
Which cost curve declines continuously with increasing output?
Average fixed cost
A business is trying to increase its revenues. If the elasticity of demand for one of its product is .5, it should
Consider raising the price
When the demand for an item affects the demand for the workers who make the item, this is referred to as
Which two market structures are characterized as having many buyers and sellers?
perfect competition and monopolistic competitive
Demand-side inflation is best described as
increases in price while supply remains the same.
The type of fixed income mutual fund that invests in debt securities characterized by their short maturities and minimal credit risk. They are among the lowest-volatility types of investments;
money market funds
What is one of the most important sources of growth in a modern economy?
increasing the amount of capital per worker
Which part of the U.S. government determines monetary policies?
The Fed's Federal Open Market Committee
If the U.S. can produce a cell phone using two resource units and China can produce the same phone using one resource unit, one can conclude that
China has an absolute advantage in manufacturing cellphones
development of moral reasoning is characterized by a sequence of six stages grouped into three general levels of morality: preconventional, conventional, and postconventiona
Kohlberg's stages of Moral Development
stage theory of intellectual development that included four distinct stages: The sensorimotor stage, from birth to age 2; The preoperational stage, from age 2 to about age 7; The concrete operational stage, from age 7 to 11; The formal operational stage, which begins in adolescence and spans into adulthood.
Piaget's stages of cognitive development
A child with a secure attachment to her caregiver usually develops a sense of
A young boy is given a series of instructions when first assembling a complex toy made of building blocks, and then later reassembles the toy without assistance. This could be best described as an example of _________.
success in a task through scaffolding
Despite making his own observations to the contrary, a student matches his answer to the teacher's question according to the enthusiastic suggestions of his team members in a classroom game. This is an example of which of the following?
customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society.
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