Terms Chapter 7

Continental Army
the American army during the American Revolution
Patriot Militia
civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
Women In War
Played key roles in support of troops and nurses
a person who supported the British cause in the American Revolution; a loyalist
Americans that feared revolution & supported the british
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Battle of Trenton
December 25th. Washington crosses Deleware River and takes advantage of he Hessains. Becuase they were celebrating Christmas. He takes the Hessains by suprise and its a victory for the Continental Army.
British Military Strategy
The new British plan had two objectives. The first was to concentrate their forces in the North in two seaports, New York City and Newport, Rhode Island. General Clinton, who had replaced Howe as commander in chief of British forces, evacuated Philadelphia and moved the main British army overland to New York.
Continental Congress
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
Articles Of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states
Newburgh Conspiracy
1783 engineered by Robert Morris and Alexander Hamiltion and was an attempt to obtain taxation authority for hte treasury. they convinced the continental's army officers stationed in newburgh, new york, to bluff that they would mutiny unless they received a pay raise. george washington managed to stop this conspiracy by making an emotional plea to the troops
Northwest Ordinance
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
Alexander Hamilton
United States statesman and leader of the Federalists
Thomas Jefferson
3rd President of the United States, chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it
Virginia Declaration Of Rights
Served as a model for the Bill of Rights to the Constitution of the United States of America. Written by George Mason.
Samuel Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence
Benjamin Franklin
printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics, he helped draw up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; he played a major role in the American Revolution and negotiated French support for the colonists; as a scientist he is