Chapter 1 (8th Grade)

STUDY
PLAY
Geography
The study of people, their environments, and their resources.
Cartographer
Map maker
Climate
Average weather of an area over 20-30 years span.
Precipitation
Water that falls in form of rain, sleet, hail, or snow.
Altitude
Height above sea level
Primary source
first-hand information about people or events.
Artifact
Object made by humans
Chronology
Sequence of events over time.
Cash Economy
An economy in which people exchange money for goods and services.
Free Enterprise
An economy system in which the government plays a limited role; businesses owned by private citizens that determine the goods/services to produce and how much to charge.
What are the different uses for maps and globes?
Maps are a detailed drawing of a specific area and allow you to see all Earth's surface at one time. Globes is about the same shape as Earth, accurately show relative sizes and shapes of landforms, and can be awkward to use in comparison to a map. Both can show distortions.
Describe three physical regions of the United States.
Pacific Coast: westernmost region of North America, includes high mountain ranges; Interior Plains: between Rockies in the West and Appalachians in the East, large lowland area; Coastal Plains: easternmost region of North American, fairly flat, lowland areas.
Name three kinds of evidence that archaeologists study.
Stone tools, weapons, and carvings
How does the American free enterprise system work?
The government plays a limited role in the economy. Businesses are owned by private citizens. Owners decide what products to make, how much to produce, where to sell products, and what prices to charge. Companies compete for consumers by making the best product at the lowest price.
How does the movement of people, goods, and ideas shape a society?
As people move from place to place, they exchange ideas, technology, and goods. This exchange brings different customs and ideas into the culture and shapes the society.
Technology has made the movement of people, ideas, and goods quicker.
Where did most of the population settle in the 1700s?
Near rivers and coast lines.
Which social science would help historians learn about the development of people and cultures?
Anthropology
Human-Environment Interaction
How people adapt to and change the environment.
Psychology
The study of how people think and behave.
Social Science
Relate to human society and social behavior
Political Science
The study of government.
Economics
The study of how people manage limited resources to satisfy their wants and needs.
Isthmus
Narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land.
Secondary Source
Account provided after the fact by people who did not directly witness or participate in the event.
Natural Resource
Materials that humans can take from the environment to survive and satisfy their needs.