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the system in India where the middle-class voters elect representatives to provincial assemblies in which the party with a majority formed a government that controlled a number of departments of the provincial administration. Public security and budget were still under the control of British-appointed governor and his nonelected advisers; a form of government sharing powers.

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).


This was a leader of the Indian independence movement in mid-20th century known for his nonviolent protests.

Ho Chi Minh

1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable


means "children of God" and was Gandhi's designation for the untouchables

Tydings-McDuffie Act

(FDR) 1934, provided for the drafting and guidelines of a Constitution for a 10-year "transitional period" which became the government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines before the granting of Philippine independence, during which the US would maintain military forces in the Philippines.

M.A. Jinnah

The Muslim leader during the time of British colonial rule who created the modern day country of Pakistan.


literally means "truth force," it was Gandhi's name for his non-violent resistance

Indian National Congress

A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor. (p. 663)


the practice of common ownership; loyalty and commitment to the interests of your own minority or ethnic group rather than to society as a whole

India Act of 1935

enlarged the electorate of India. Each province was entirely self-governing; the party with a majority of elected representatives would form the government; the British-appointed provincial governor became a figurehead with veto power; the British-appointed viceroy was advised by the Executive Council; separate electorates were retained for Muslims; other minorities would also have their own elected representatives in every assembly; ensured all Indians had representation, and broad rights. Minorities would have their own elected representatives.

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