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AP Euro Practice Exam Questions
Terms in this set (146)
The Edict of Nantes
proclaimed toleration of Calvinism
Galileo argued that the moon
has an irregular shape
Between 1689 to 1796, Russia
acquired navigable seaports in both the north and south
The Catholic Church's response to the Protestant Reform including all of the following except
the abolition of the Index of Prohibited Books
Pieter Brueghel's painting depicts the massacre of villagers in
the Netherlands by Spanish troops
What best describes writers of the Romantic schools?
They stressed emotion rather than reason
Fifteenth century Europe's Muslims had the most influence on
In 1500, two powerful Eastern European autocracies were
Muscovy and the Ottoman Empire
During the second half of the seventeenth century, what country dominated culture, politics, and diplomacy?
What characteristics were seen in Western European economy in the sixteenth century?
During the first half of the seventeenth century, Austrian Habsburgs subdued revolt and centralized control in territories by
Waging warfare against rebel groups and supporting Catholic reform
The major result of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) was
the loss of one-third of the German-speaking population through war, plague, and starvation
After the defeat of King Charles I in the English Civil War and his execution in 1649, England was governed for a decade by
a commonwealth led by Oliver Cromwell and his son
Adam Smith maintained that
competition is socially beneficial
Which of the following early nineteenth century political figures were most closely identified with the concept of "the concert of Europe"
The main factor as to why the British government accelerated the repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846 was the
Irish potato famine
Which spared Europe a general multinational war during the second half of the nineteenth century?
South Sea Bubble Scandal
The model of the universe resulted from Galileo and Newton embracing
the science of mechanics
The sequence of events that led to the French Revolution of 1789 were
royal financial crisis, convening of the Estates General, and the storming of the Bastille
What was an important trend in family life in Western Europe after 1870?
It decreased initially in the middle classes because of increasing costs of rearing children
English economic expansion was threatened in the eighteenth century by rapid diminishing supply of
Europe's population in the eighteenth century inferred all of the following except
the population of Eastern Europe outstripped that of Western Europe's size
European warfare between the Peace of Utrecht and the French Revolution is best described as
standing armies pursuing limited strategic goals
Under the Napoleonic system, peasants in territory conquered by the French were given
freedom from manorial obligations
The architecture during the Napoleon Empire was influenced most by
Which of the following statements about Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) is true?
He was the best known skeptic of his time
Which of the following resulted from the English Reformation?
Establishment of the English monarch as head of the Church of England
The painting "Judith and Holofernes" by Artemisia Gentileschi, is distinguished by its dramatic treatment of the subject, an oversized canvas, and intensified use of light and shadow. The art movement it represents is known as
Of the following, the major political opponent of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V was
Francis I of France
"And New Philosophy calls all in doubt,
The element of Fire is quite put out;
The Sun is lost, and th' Earth, and in man's wit
Can well direct him where to look for it."
These verses by John Donne (1573-1631) refer to the scientific work of
In the period from Colombus' discovery of the Americas to the American Revolution all of the following goods were imported from the New World to Europe in large quantities except
"All I can do is beg our victorious ladies to raise their minds somewhat above their distaff and spindles and try to prove the world that if we were not made to command, still we should not be disdained as companions in domestic and public matters by those who govern and command obedience."
In the excerpt above from a letter written in 1555 by the French poet Louise Labé, the author does which of the following?
Champions women's intellectual abilities
"Self-interest drives people to action and the Invisible Hand of competition acts as an automatic regulator so that the market will generate wealth for the nation."
The author of this passage would have agreed with which of the following statements?
Government must not interfere with the market mechanism if it is to perform properly
The ideas expressed in the passage are fundamental to the economic theories of
In French political history the years 1814, 1830, and 1848 are known, respectively, for the
restoration of the Bourbons, the July Revolution of Louis Philippe, and the founding of the Second Republic
What nation went through insurrection, formed a republic in 1931, and experienced many revolts?
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) was the major body through which
the Roman Catholic Church reformed itself
Which of the following is not true of the Edict of Nantes (1598)?
It was responsible for the St. Bartholomew Day massacre
The Dutch Republic rose to prominence in seventeenth century Europe because of which of the following factors?
Its shipping and commerce
Which of the following was most typical of preindustrial European village society?
Domestic manufacture of most household goods
Poland's decline as a major political entity during the seventeenth century can be attributed largely to
the absence of a powerful central authority
European balance of power's most fundamental aim was
the prevention of the preponderances of one power in Europe
Which of the following had the largest population in 1763?
Which monarch abolished capital punishment, placed equality before the law, freed serfs, established primary education, and instituted religious toleration?
Joseph II of Austria
The primary goal of France in entering the 30 Years' War was to
reduce the power of the Hapsburgs
Which of the following facilitated the counter-revolutionary triumph within the Hapsburg Empire in 1849?
The lack of cooperation among nationalities in the Hapsburg Empirq
What was a major revolutionary ideal during the French Revolution and Napoleonic era?
careers should be open to talented individuals from all classes
Who were Robespierre's followers?
groups of small property owners and wage laborers in Paris who were concerned about high food prices
The Peace of Utrecht altered European balance of power by
checking French expansion
Population decline in Europe was most prominent due to
low number of births during World War I and World War II
Metternich's Germanic Confederation
opposed liberalism and nationalism in Central Europe
Elizabeth I and Henry IV (both politiques) believed
theological controversy should be subordinate to political unity
There was an increase in hostility towards Europeans because
Louis XIV protected Parisian mobs
What was the difference between the cause of France and Britain's population increase?
Earlier adoption of birth contraception in France
Social structure in Germany in 1871 changed because there was a
conservative compromise between old aristocracies and the new middle class
The scientific method, as well as mathematical problem solving, was espoused mostly by
Literacy spread during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in many ways except
an increase in compulsory education
What was the social effect of the Industrial Revolution?
New rhythms of work and leisure
Johannes Kepler and Copernicus' theory stated
planets maintained elliptical orbits
Peter the Great of Russia used his great power to
build new capital nobles and merchants that were obliged to settle there
Karl Marx stated
history moves inevitably through stages culminating in socialism
The majority of eighteenth century war motives were due to
Surrealism was an art movement that included
dream images to the irrational
The Hapsburg-Valois feud in the sixteenth century was due to
conflicting political ambitions of two families
The Bolshevik government's motives in signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was because
Lein wasn't willing to risk his limited power base through further struggle against a foreign army
China's Opium War resulted in
an increase in hostility towards Europeans
Louis XIV protected himself and the government from Parisian mobs by
moving the government from Paris to Versailles
Anarchism was closely tied to
the growth of the syndicalist movement
1870's West European government did everything except
introduce medical and health insurance
After the Bolshevik's victory in the Russian Civil War
Trotsky created the Red Army
"Religion supplies the pretext and gold the motive."
This statement was a contemporary characterization of
Spanish and Portuguese expansion in the New World
Which of the following was a major demographic change in Western Europe between 1850 and 1914?
A dramatic shift of population to urban areas
The Nazi party's ideal role for "Aryan" women in Germany was
to be mothers, wives, and homemakers
What is significant about the age composition of the British population from 1841 to 1967?
The average age of the British population was higher in 1967 than in 1841
What is true of the German Peasants' Revolt of 1524-1525?
The revolt resulted from a combination of new religious ideas and peasant demands
Who sailed under the Portuguese flag and reached the west coast of India in 1498 after rounding the Cape of Good Hope and crossing the Indian Ocean?
Vasco de Gama
What was an important consequence of the Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689?
Limits were put on the power of the English monarchy
Who believed in the "general will"?
Madame de Pompadour, Louis XIV's mistress, was famous because she
participated in politics and used the monarchy for personal gain
What did the Napoleonic Code do?
It protected private property and authority of husbands within the family
The "Communist Manifesto" by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels argued that
capitalism was a necessary stage of economic and social development
After Einstein's theory of relativity was published in 1905, what happened?
Basic assumptions of classical physics about space and time had to be revised
Ferdinand and Isabella supported the commission of Muslims and jews in Spain because
they were hostile to religious faiths other than Christianity
The leadership of the Dutch revolts sought all of the following except
an alliance with the English Catholics
The long-term effect of the Thirty Years' War on the German states was to
devastate the German states' economies
The Prussian victory over Austria in 1866 resulted in
the consolidation of Prussian authority among North German states
The first country to experience dramatic decrease in its birth rate was
In the 1930's, one of the effects of the Great Depression in Europe was
the broadening of popular support for the Nazi party in Germany
What was a major success achieved under Khrushchev?
Soviet space successes exceeded that of the United States
The repeal of the British Corn Lows in 1846 was opposed by
The Crystal Palace, built in London in 1851, was built because it
celebrated Britain's technological and economic dominance
Weimar Germany's constitution undermined their representative government by
providing for rule by a single individual in cases of national emergency
How did the Marshall Plan effect Europe?
United States politics and economic influence increased in Western and Southern Europe
What did the intendants of France do?
Implemented royal policies locally
What did Russia acquire that made them a great power?
The rebuilding of paris caused what?
The destruction of working-class housing
Lenin's New Economic Policy (NEP) did what?
Compromised with the capitalistic economic principles
France and Britain's appeasement of Hitler and Mussolini was because of their viewpoint that
the Versailles treaty was unjust
Who undermined the guild system?
Entrepreneurial expansion of manufacturing into the countryside
The policy of extending the French Revolution beyond France's borders was advocated by whom?
The Girondin Party
What did Cavour and Garibaldi agree on?
Italy being independent of foreign control
The Russian Revolution of 1905 led to the formation of the
What Jean-Baptiste Colbert do?
He implemented manufacturing codes to improve France's export goods
Louis XIV was known as an
The Junkers were granted
absolute power over the serfs
The Price Revolution was known for it's
steady population growth and rising food prices
Who opposed Marxism?
Who might have had sympathy with Metternich's policies?
What was the overall goal of the ECC?
To coordinate industrial and agricultural policies of the members
"He desired glory and excellence beyond that of anyone else. He showed favor to vernacular poetry and all the fine arts. Under him the city was not free, but it would have been impossible for it to have had a better or more pleasing tyrant."
The passage above most accurately describes
Lorenzo de' Medici
Which of the following most accurately describes the political system of the Dutch republic of the seventeenth century?
Rule by wealthy merchants
What were the three principal political entities in central and eastern Europe in the mid-seventeenth century?
Muscovy, the Ottoman Empire, and Poland
Of the following, which was the most important result of the Peace of Utrecht (1713)?
It ended the efforts of Louis XIV to dominate continental European politics
Which of the following statements best reflects the ideas of Karl Marx?
A classless society will emerge at the end of the dialectical process
'Women of Britain say - "Go!"'
The primary purpose of the First World War poster shown above was to
encourage men to volunteer for military service
"By the charter granted by our late sovereign the framework knitters are empowered to break and destroy all frames and engines that fabricate articles in a fraudulent and deceitful manner."
The quotation above is a formulation of the ideas of which of the following groups?
Which of the following statements best describes Charles Darwin's theory of evolution?
New species emerge after gradually accumulating new modifications
As a result of the 1905 Revolution, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agreed to
create a national legislative assembly
The graph above of the voting (by party) in the German elections from 1928 to 1932 shows which of the following?
The Depression saw an increase in the percentage of votes for Communist and Nazi parties
The collectivization of agriculture in the Soviet Union in the 1930's had all of the following results except
an increase in the domestic food supply
Which of the following was the immediate cause of the revolutions that occurred in several major European cities in 1848?
The overthrow of Louis-Philippe of France
Which of the following statements is an example of Existential thought?
"A person is the sum of his or her acts."
Which of the following best describes the condition of guest workers in post-WWII Europe?
They were given little opportunity to achieve citizenship in many host countries
A primary goal of Philip II of Spain was to
maintain Spanish control of the Netherlands
The calling of the Estates-General in France by King Louis XVI in 1789 was the direct result of
the failure of the Assembly of Notables to endorse the monarch's program of tax reform
The Hapsburg Emperor Charles VI (1711-1742) issued the Pragmatic Sanction in order to
guarantee the succession of his eldest daughter to the throne
"The landed interest, the church, the law, the married interest - all of those have engrossed, as it were, the House of Commons into their own hands, but the interests of industry and trade have scarcely any representatives at all!" - Petition to the English House of Commons, 1816
The excerpt above most probably refers to the lack of representation in the House of Commons of which of the following?
The upper middle class
The only African countries to remain politically independent following the "scramble for Africa" by European countries in the late nineteenth century were
Liberia and Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Which of the following authors wrote of the suffering of soldiers fighting during WWI?
Erich Maria Remarque
The Soviet WWII poster shown above gives which of the following messages?
Soviet soldiers defend the Motherland like heroes from Russian history
"Kings are justly called gods for that they exercise a manner or resemblance of Divine power upon Earth."
Which of the following was most likely to agree with this statement?
James I of England
Jean-Jacques Rousseau differed significantly from other Enlightenment philosophes in his
emphasis on emotions and his admiration for the "noble savage"
Which of the following statements is true regarding western European family life in the period 1750-1850?
There was an increased importance placed on child-rearing among the upper classes
The Peace of Westphalia (1678) resulted in which of the following?
The guaranteed independence of numerous small German states
In the first half of the nineteenth century, which of the following was a field of employment that was exclusively male?
The legal profession
In seventeenth century western Europe, marriage patterns showed a tendency towards
relatively late first marriages by non-noble women
Which of the following best helps to explain the economic and political decline of Spain during the seventeenth century?
The extension of the empire's commitments beyond its resources
The house above, designed by Palladio and constructed in Italy during the sixteenth century, illustrates the architectural influence of
Which of the following was an important factor leading to the recognition of Greek independence in 1830?
European popular opinion inspired by a classical revival
Which of the following was an immediate result of the Austro-Prussian War (1866)?
Prussia dominated the German unification movement
Which of the following is an accurate description of the outcome of the Paris Commune?
The Commune was crushed by the French army
In the first quarter of the twentieth century, women replaced men most rapidly in which of the following pairs of occupations?
Teaching and clerical work
The Provisional Government in Russia (1917) failed primarily because
it continued to pursue an unpopular war
After WWI, it was difficult to write a peace treaty according to Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points primarily because
the Allies had secret treaties that conflicted with the Fourteen Points
Which of the following statements is accurate according to the graph?
Between 1880 and 1910 German industrial production rose from less than half of British production to a level greater than that of Great Britain and France combined
• "The Italian Nation is an organism endowed with a purpose and a life transcending those of the individuals composing it."
• "Labor unions legally recognized and subject to State control alone have the right to represent the whole category for which they are constituted."
• "The collective labor conciliates the opposing interests of employers of workers, subordinating them to the higher interests of production." - Mussolini's Charter of Labor, 1927
Which of the following is best supported by the excerpts above?
Any agreement was subject to the state's interpretation of the national interest
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