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At the beginning of the "plumbing system" of the urinary system, urine leaving the renal papilla is collected in the cup like structures called
which of the following structures secretes renin when blood pressure in the afferent arteriole drops
The movement of water and solute from the plasma in the glomerlus across the glomerular capsular membrane and into the capsular space of the Bowman's capsule is termed
the movement of molecules out of the peritubular blood and into the tubule for excretion is
under normal conditions most water, electrolytes and nutrients are reabsorbed in the
proximal convoluted tubule
An abrupt reduction in kidney function characterized by oliguria and a sharp rise in nitrogenous compounds in the blood
acute renal failure
most common form of kidney disease cased by a delayed immune response to streptococcal infection
Voluntary control of micturition is achieved by the action of which of the following
external urethral sphincter
The two factors that determine urine volume are
the glomerules filtration rate and the rate of water reabsorption by the renal tubules
What is an example of obligatory fluid output
water vapor in expired air
water diffusion through the skin
What factor is primarily responsible for moving water from interstitial fluid into blood
protein concentration of blood plasma
what is true of body water
it is obtained from the liquids we drink
it is obtained from the foods we eat
it is formed by the catabolism of food
what is true when extracellular volume decreases
aldosterone secretion increases
Kidney tubule reabsorption of sodium increases
urine volume decreases
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