Atoms, ions, and molecules can react to form products when they collide with one another.
An unstable arrangement of atoms that forms momentarily at the peak of the activation-energy barrier.
One in whih the conversion of reactants to products and the conversion of products to reactants occur simultaneously.
When the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal, the reaction has reached a state of balance.
Indicates whether the reactants or products are favored in a reversible reaction.
Le Chatelier's Principle
If a stress is applied to a system in dynamic equilibrium, the sytem changes in a way that relieves the stress.
Solubility Product Constant
Equals the product of the concentrations of the ions each raised to a power equalo to the coefficient of the ion in the dissociation equation.
Common Ion Effect
The lowering of the solubility of an ionic compound as a result of the addition of a common ion.
Occurs naturally and favors the formation of proudcts at the specified conditions.
A reaction that does not favor the formation of products at the specified conditions.
Law of Disorder
States that the natural tendency is for systems to move in the direction of maximum disorer or randomness.