What are depolarizing muscle relaxants used in adjunct to? What are they also referred to as? What do they induce? What are they NOT used for? What are some examples of drugs that fall into this category?
anesthesia. neuromuscular blockers. skeletal muscle relaxation. NOT used for spasticity. Pavulon, Vecuronium, Succinylcholine.
What is a unique route for Baclofen? What is this used for and when especially would it be used? What is a special consideration for this though that the patient must meet?
baclofen pump, intrathecal (into CSF). used with spasticity or dystonia when the patient is having excessive problems with daily cares, bathing and/or pain. the patient must have a big enough body to hold the pump which is placed in their abdominal SQ tissue.
What are the two types of CNS depressants? What is the difference between them? What does the classification one way or the other depend on?
sedatives and hypnotics. a sedative will relax the person but a hypnotic will put them to sleep. the degree to which the drug inhibits transmission of nerve impulses to the CNS.
Central nervous system depressants work to potentiate what neurotransmitter?
the inhibitory neurotransmitter, GABA
What are sedatives also called? What three things do they help to reduce? What do they NOT cause? What can they become if the dose is too high?
anxiolytics. nervousness, excitability, irritability. don't cause sleep. hypnotic
What do hypnotics cause?
What are the three main groups of central nervous system depressants?
barbituates, benzodiazepines and miscellaneous
What are side effects/adverse reactions common in ALL central nervous system depressants?