9 terms

Critical Race Theory

Critical Race Theory: An Introduction Richard Delgado
Critical Race Theory
- Created by a collection of scholars & activist wanting to study & transform the relationship between race, racism & power.
- Used education, Poli sci, history, lit & coms.
- deliberately activist theory
- not just interested in understanding but wants to transform for the better.
- Contains 6 Key concepts
1. Racism is Ordinary not Aberrational
- happens everyday to most people who are visual minorities.
2. Clear Reasons for Racism in our Society
- there are people who benefit from racism (economically & psychically)
- Material Determinism/Insterest Convergance
- those priviledged by racism have little incentive to stop racism
- easier for white people to achieve power (within corporations, gov't, etc.)
- Hierarchy: Social & economic
3. Race is a social construction
- Race is not an objective, adherent or fixed category, it is not biological.
- We have made race important by priviledging certain characteristics over others. (Believe that white is better, more innocent, pure).
4. Mainstream Society Participates in Differential Racialization
- particular environments/particular times we have priviledged some minorities over others. (Mexicans & Asians used for agriculture, except when japanese sent to camps, or we're looking at mexicans as stealing "white" jobs)
- Relying on stereotypes (Asians are smart, blacks are good at sports)
- Cultural appropriation
5. Intersectionality & Anti-essentialism
- No person has a single, easily stated, unitary identity. Everyone has pontentially conflicting, overlapping identities, loyalties & allegiances.
- Condeleza Rice, black woman, highly educated, republican.
- Not everyone will have the same experience.
6. Unique Voice of Color
- Because of their different histories and experiences with oppression, black, Indian, Asian, and Latino/a writers and thinkers may be able to communicate to their white counterparts matters that the whites are unlikely to know.
- Being able to pass for white, hence your understanding of discrimination might be different. (light skin minorities)
Anti-essentialism Critique
While #6 claims unique voice of color #5 claims multiple identity markers
- 6 is similar to standpoint theory's idea that some stand points are more complete or accurate than others.