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25 terms

U.S. History- Chapter 25 Vocab

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Nisei
Japanese Americans that were born in this country and therefore citizens and were shipped to interment camps during WW2.
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
this economic board was created by Congress to insure that prices and commodities were not overcharged with price gouging. This board fought inflation by freezing prices.
War Production Board (WPB)
this board created by Congress was established to insure that needed resources were received by industries so the war could be won.
Rationing
the establishment of fixed amounts of goods able to be purchased by citizens that were needed by military.
Dwight (D) Eisenhower
Operation Torch was commanded by this general. He later would become the commanding general of all forced in Europe.
D-Day
the day allied forces invaded the coast of Normandy as it began the final defeat of Hitler.
George Patton
he was an American General that lead the invasion force of France and later Germany.
Battle of the Bulge
Germany's last counter offensive. This military drive broke through American lines. Lasting for a month, Germany retreated finally as the battle was carried to Berlin.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur
he was the Commanding General in the Pacific. He was likewise the leader of occupying forces that entered Japan.
Chester Nimitz
He was the commander of naval forces in the Pacific. He was the brilliant leader that lead forces to Midway and finally to Okinawa.
Kamikaze
a suicide plane tactic used by the Japanese in the Battle for Leyte Bay.
Manhattan Project
this was the best kept secret of the war. Likewise, it was the most ambitious scientific enterprise of the war. This program established the atomic weapons that would end the war.
J. Robt. Oppenheimer
he was the leader of scientist at Los Alamos that actually built the Atomic Bomb.
Hiroshima
the first city that was destroyed using a nuclear weapon. This military location in Japan ceased to exit on August 6, 1945.
Nagaski
a second site, this city in Japan was also destroyed by an atomic bomb.
Yalta Conference
in February 1945, Roosevelt met with Churchill and Stalin at a city on the Black Sea. Here the leaders made important decisions about the furutre of Peace in Europe.
United Nations
this was to be the new organization of countries that would serve as an international peacekeeping body.
Nuremberg trials
after the fall of Germany, this event taking over year was conducted to expose and convict the leaders of Germany responsible for the war and the crimes committed against allied countries.
GI Bill of Rights
this bill passed by Congress, provided education and training for veterans. Over half of the returning soldiers attended college and technical schools under this bill.
James Farmer
he was the founder of an interracial movement aimed at confronting urban segregation in the North. This was in response to the problems that broke out with the migration of African Americans to the Northern industrial cities.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
this inter rational organization staged sit-ins at segregated sites throughout northern cities. These demonstrations were designed to create awareness and resolution to the new inter rational problems caused when African Americans migrated to the North.
Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
this organization was formed to charge Congress with paying reparations to Japanese Americans that had been interned.
Adolf HItler
he was the leader of the Nazi party and Germany itself during WW2. It is his name with all evil is associated.
Mussilini
he was the leader of Italy during the WW2. He formed a Nazi party and preferred to be called, "el duce."
Tojo
although he was not the emperor of Japan, as military leader and the new prime minister, he designed the Japan war plan in the Pacific theater.