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the voice that conveys the poem's attitute toward its subject

dramatic monologue

a poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener


the poem's or author's selection of words


the dictionary meaning of a word


associations both personal (involving one's personal feelings toward a word) and public (a general or collective feeling toward a word or subject); these are often ranked positive, negative, or neutral


the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter


a concrete representation of a sense impression, feeling, or idea; they appeal to one or more of our senses


a pattern of related details in a poem; when a pattern of related details convey an idea or feeling beyond what the images literally describe, they are called metaphorical or symbolic


an idea or intellectually apprehensible meaning inherent and implicit in a work; often this is a universal lesson conveyed by the author throughout a poem; more than one may be applicable to any given work and interpretted from more than one perspective

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