Euro Chapter 15 Sec 3

tsar = czar
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Terms in this set (...)

Louis XIV
(1638-1715) Known as the Sun King, he was an absolute monarch that completely controlled France. One of his greatest accomplishments was the building of the palace at Versailles.
Divine-right monarchy
The belief that the monarch's power derives from God and represents Him on Earth
War of Spanish Succession
Louis XIV gained power in Spain from his grandson and did not divide the Spanish possessions between himself and the Roman Empire
Versailles
A palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris; it was home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
An economic advisor to Louis XIV; he supported mercantilism and tried to make France economically self-sufficient. Brought prosperity to France.
Frederick William the Great
Unified Prussia through diplomacy and war, forced permanent taxation which made revenue triple, created centralized bureauocracy
Junkers
Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and militarism.
Brandenburg, Prussia
Emerged strongest from the Thirty Year's war: core of Germany lead by Great Elector, Fredrick William (r. 1640-1688) his son Fredrick I (r. 1688-1713) and grandson Fredrick William I (r. 1713-1740).
King Frederick I
Son of Frederick William the Great Elector and he officially gained the title of king, Prussia emerged as a great power in Europe.
Austrian Habsburgs
Ferdinand of Austria was given the German part of Charles V's land, creating this family, which was Catholic and tried to regain much of their power during the 30 years war.
Ivan IV
"Ivan the Terrible"; Russian ruler; cruel and tyranical; murdered nobility; extremely paranoid (killed his own son); taxed people heavily. Ruled from 1547 to 1584.
Michael Romanov
In 1613 an assembly of nobles chose him as the new czar. For the next 300 years his family ruled in Russia (1613-1633)
Peter the Great
(1672-1725) Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.