Upgrade to remove ads
Introduction to MedTech- Clinical Laboratories
Terms in this set (52)
A place that is equipped with different instruments, equipment and chemicals (reagents) etc. for performing experimental works, research activities and investigative procedures.
A facility subdivided into different sections that is equipped with various biomedical instruments, equipments, materials and reagents for performing different laboratory investigative activities by using biological specimens done by specialized health professionals.
Help medical practitioners in the monitoring, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and the maintenance of the health of the general public.
Republic Act. 466 aka. Clinical Laboratory Act of 1966
Approved on June 18, 1966 which comprises the regulation of clinical laboratories in the Philippines and it aims to ensure the health of the general public by preventing the operation of substandard laboratories.
Department of Health
Through the Bureau of Research and Laboratories, is the central government agency authorized to regulate the operation and maintenance of the laboratory. (past)
Bureau of Health Facilities and Services (BHFS)
Is the RECENT central government agency authorized to regulate the operation and maintenance of the laboratory.
Administrative Order no. 27 series of 2007
Revised the rules and regulations governing the licensure and regulation of Clinical Laboratories in the Philippines.
Government & Private
2 classifications of medical laboratories based on ownership.
Clinical Pathology , Anatomical Pathology, Forensic Pathology
3 classifications of medical laboratories based on function.
A clinical laboratory based on function which includes hematology, clinical chemistry, microbiology, parasitology, mycology, immunology and serology, immunohematology, blood banking, laboratory endocrinology, toxicology and therapeutic drug monitoring and etc.
A clinical laboratory based on function which includes surgical pathology, immunohistopathology, cytology, autopsy, and forensic pathology.
Institution-based & Freestanding
2 classifications of medical laboratories based on institutional character.
Classifications of medical laboratories based on service capability.
A clinical laboratory based on service capability which includes:
Routine Hematology (CBC) - hb conc, hct vol. conc
WBC Differential Count
Qualitative platelet determination
Routine Analysis and fecalysis
Gram Staining & Blood Typing
A clinical laboratory based on service capability which includes the primary lab services and the ff:
Routine Clinical Chemistry- blood glucose, BUN (blood urea nitrogen), BUA (Blood Uric Acid), Creatinine & total cholesterol.
Qualitative platelet determination
KOH (for fungal disease)
A clinical laboratory based on service capability which includes the secondary lab services and the ff:
Special Chemistry- Cardiac markers
Special Hematology- Coagulation test
Immunology/Serology- HIV, hepaprofile, tumor markers
10 sq. m
Area of a primary laboratory.
20 sq. m
Area of a secondary laboratory.
60 sq. m
Are of tertiary laboratory.
They should be well-ventilated, adequately lighted, clean & safe; They should have a work space requirements.
Special Clinical Laboratories
Assisted reproduction technology laboratory
Molecular and cellular technology
Molecular pathology, forensic pathology and anatomic pathology.
National Reference Laboratory
A laboratory in a government hospital which has been designated by the DOH to provide special functions and services such as:
Resolution of Conflicting results
Training and research
Evaluation of diagnostic kits and reagents
Satellite Testing Sites
Any testing site that performs laboratory examinations under the administrative control of a licensed laboratory but outside the physical confines of the laboratory.
Eg. Medical City
Mobile Clinical Laboratories
A laboratory testing unit that moves from one testing site to another testing site or has a temporary testing location and a "base laboratory"; shall be licensed as part of the main clinical lab and is permitted to collect specimens only; shall be allowed to operate only within a 100-km radius form its main lab.
Maximum distance of the mobile clinical lab from the main lab.
A system, an orderly structure putting things together into a working order, and making arrangements for undertakings that involve cooperation. The emphasis is on ARRANGEMENTS that enables the members on working together and accomplishing common objectives in an efficient, planned and economic manner.
A duly registered physician who is specially trained in methods of laboratory medicine, or the gross and microscopic study and interpretation of tissues, secretion and excretions of the human body and its functions in order to diagnose disease, follow its course, determine the effectiveness of treatment, ascertain cause of death and advance medicine through research.
A person who engages in the work of medical technology under the supervision of a pathologist or licensed physician. One who passed the prescribed course of training and examination and registered on PRC.
A person certified and registered with the Board as qualified to assist a medical technologist and/or qualified pathologist in the practice of medical technology.
Medical Laboratory Services
It plays a pivotal role in the promotion, curative and preventive aspects of a nation's health delivery system.
Treats patients & monitors their response to treatment
Monitors the development and spread of infectious and dangerous pathogens
Decides effective control measures against major prevalent disease
Decides health priorities and allocating resources
They carry out routine and advanced lab tests using standard lab methods.
Apply problem-solving strategies to administrative technical and research problems
Conduct community-based researches in collaboration with other categories of health professionals
Provide professional consultancy on matters related to the establishment and etc.
Microscope w/ oil
Primary Laboratory Equipments
Primary equipment +
Photometer or its equivalent
Waterbath or its equivalent
Timer or its equivalent
Secondary Lab Equipments
Secondary equipment +
Serofuge or its equivalent
Biosafety cabinet (BSC) or equivalent
Tertiary Lab Equipments
Insurance of a method to remain valid over time
Nearness of the result to the true value.
Nearness of the result to one another.
Phase of quality assurance where most errors occur and which includes test ordering, patient preparation, patient ID, specimen collection, transport and processing.
Phase where test analysis, quality control, calibration, and preventive maintenance.
Phase where verification of calculations and reference ranges, review of results, reporting of result, test interpretation and follow-up patient and checking for error.
Phase where troubleshoot is necessary if there are errors.
Laboratory Request Form
Patient's ID (name, age, sex, address)
Inpatient or out-patient & ID number
Specific test(s) required and date requested
Type of specimen provided
Name of ordering physician & signature
Includes name and signature of Pathologist & RMT
Kept in file for 1 year
Anatomic and forensic pathology reports
Results that are kept permanently.
Principles of conduct governing an individual or group.
Norma N. Chang
Revised the Medical Technology Code of Ethics on March 7,1997
March 7, 1997
Date of the revision of the MT Code of Ethics.
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Meaning of BUN.
Blood Uric Acid
Meaning of BUA.
Assists the med technologists.
Limited Service Capability (Institution-based)
Labs that offers:
Social hygiene clinicals.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Clinical Chem (Tap Color)
Clinical Microscopy- Crystal: Shape
Introduction to MedTech
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
FM 4-02 Army Health System
Chapter 1 Health Insurance Specialist Career
Exploring careers: Health science Study Guide
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
POINT OF CARE TESTING
Chapter 7- Soc Anthro