11 terms

Student Development and the Learning Process

Social (or Observational) Learning Theory
Children learn by observing others
Discovery Learning and Constructivism
Learning is an active process in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based on knowledge or past experiences. Students discover information by themselves or in groups
Learning through Experience
the "father" of progressive education practice that promotes individuality, free activity, and learning through experiences. Believed children should be taught to be problem-solvers and active decision-makers
Eight Stages of Human Development
Stages based on a crisis or conflict that a person resolves
Stages of the Ethic of Care
Stages of moral development for women
Theory of Moral Development
Level 1 Pre-Conventional
Level 2 Conventional
Level 3 Post-Conventional
Hierarchy of Needs
Certain lower needs must be satisfied before higher needs can be met
Follow the Child
Believed childhood is divided into 4 stages, adolescence into two levels, and that there are three stages to the learning process
Stages of Cognitive Development
Concrete operational
Formal operational
Operant Conditioning
grandfather of behaviorism
Believed learning is a function of change in observable behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of a person's response to events (stimuli)
Zone of Proximal Development
Suggests that social interaction influences cognitive development. Students learn best in a social context in which a more able adult or peer teaches the student something he or she could not learn on their own