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Social (or Observational) Learning Theory

Children learn by observing others

Discovery Learning and Constructivism

Learning is an active process in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based on knowledge or past experiences. Students discover information by themselves or in groups

Learning through Experience

the "father" of progressive education practice that promotes individuality, free activity, and learning through experiences. Believed children should be taught to be problem-solvers and active decision-makers

Eight Stages of Human Development

Stages based on a crisis or conflict that a person resolves

Stages of the Ethic of Care

Stages of moral development for women

Theory of Moral Development

Level 1 Pre-Conventional
Level 2 Conventional
Level 3 Post-Conventional

Hierarchy of Needs

Certain lower needs must be satisfied before higher needs can be met

Follow the Child

Believed childhood is divided into 4 stages, adolescence into two levels, and that there are three stages to the learning process

Stages of Cognitive Development

Concrete operational
Formal operational

Operant Conditioning

grandfather of behaviorism
Believed learning is a function of change in observable behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of a person's response to events (stimuli)

Zone of Proximal Development

Suggests that social interaction influences cognitive development. Students learn best in a social context in which a more able adult or peer teaches the student something he or she could not learn on their own

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