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principle that courts should apply rules decided in prior cases in deciding substantially similar cases
law dealing with the establishment, duties, and powers of agencies in the executive branch of government
Civil law system
body of law derived from Roman law and based upon comprehensive legislative enactments
Definition of law
"a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right, and prohibiting what is wrong" (William Blackstone)
body of law based upon principles distinct from common law and providing remedies not available at law
Functions of law
to maintain stability in the social, political, and economic system through dispute resolution, protection of property, and the preservation of the state, while simultaneously permitting ordered change
authority of the courts to determine the constitutionality of legislative and executive acts
Law and justice
are separate and distinct concepts; justice is the fair, equitable, and impartial treatment of competing interests with due regard for the common good
equitable remedy rewriting a contract to conform with the original intent of the contracting parties
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