Chapter 7 vocabulary
Terms in this set (11)
The idea that states should be allowed to settle most matters themselves.
Doctrine of nullification
The belief that states have the right to ignore (nullify) and federal law they believe violates the constitution.
Missouri Compromise of 1820
It stated that all new states north of a certain point would be free, and all states south of that point would allow slavery. Congress hoped that it would maintain peace between the North and South. It admitted Maine to the union as a free state Missouri as a slave state.
Compromise of 1850
Political compromise that admitted California as a free state in 1850 and allowed other western territories to decide the issue of slavery by popular sovereignty. It also instituted the Fugitive slave law.
He played a key role in getting Georgia to accept the Compromise of 1850. He eventually became Vice President of the Confederacy and served in that capacity throughout the war.
Georgia's government stated that, while they supported the compromise, it would not hesitate to resist any effort by Congress to outlaw slavery in the new territories.
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
The new law said that these areas could vote on whether or not to slaves (popular sovereignty). It led to a civil war in Kansas between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces. The violence became known as "Bleeding Kansas".
Dred Scott Case
Supreme Court case in which the court denied a slave named Dred Scott his freedom and the right to sue.
Republican president elected in 1860. He opposed slavery in the new territories, upsetting southern leaders. His election inspired South Carolina, and a number of other southern states to secede from the union.
Confederate states of America
The new country formed by the southern states that seceded.
Why did Georgia decide to secede?
When Lincoln won the election many southern thought he would end slavery.