Rome Study Guide

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Julius Caesar
Led the army in taking over Gaul. Granduncle of Octavian. Got killed in 44 BCE by the Roman senate not wanting Caesar to take full power and end the Roman Republic.
Gospel
The most widely known examples are the four canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John which are included in the New Testament.
Augustus
Augustus was born Gaius Octavius on 23 September 63 BC in Rome. In 43 BC his great-uncle, Julius Caesar, was assassinated and in his will, Octavius, known as Octavian, was named as his heir. He fought to avenge Caesar and in 31 BC defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium.
Nero
Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68)
Claudius
An intelligent and scholarly man who conquered Britain. It is believed that his wife, Agrippina, poisoned him with tainted mushrooms
Constantine
Roman Emperor (4th century A.D.) who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity
epistle
The epistle genre of letter-writing was common in ancient Egypt as part of the scribal-school writing curriculum. The letters in the New Testament from Apostles to Christians are usually referred to as epistles
Caligula
Gaius Caesar, nicknamed Caligula or "Little Boot," was born on August 31, in 12 A.D. He succeeded Tiberius as Roman emperor in 37 A.D., and adopted the name Gaius Caesar Germanicus. Records depict him as a cruel and unpredictable leader. He restored treason trials and put people to death.
justinian
Made the Code of law throughout the empire.
Hadrian
fourteenth Emperor of Rome (10 August 117 to 10 July 138 CE) and is known as the third of the Five Good Emperors
province
Britain is whatever this is
Martyr
Someone who dies for a cause they believe in
Forum
A Forum was the main center of a Roman city. Usually located near the physical center of a Roman town, it served as a public area in which commercial, religious, economic, political, legal, and social activities occurred. Fora were common in all Roman cities, but none were as grand as the fora of Rome itself.
Judea
the biblical, Roman, and modern name name is Isreal. it has nazerath in it which was the birthplace of christianity
Legion
Another word for army
Commodus
Was born on 31 August 161, near Rome. He was the son of the reigning emperor, Marcus Aurelius. Was a bad ruler.
Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 161 ce) Marcus Annius Verus (born April 26, 121 ce, Rome—died March 17, 180, Vindobona [Vienna], or Sirmium, Pannonia), Roman emperor (ce 161-180), best known for his Meditations on Stoic philosophy
consul
2 people
Diocletian
a ruler that divided the empire so it would be easier to rule over and improved the system of collecting taxes.
plebieans
the common folk of the roman empire that were poor
patricians
the people that became rich, not rich from family
Romulus
one of the brothers that founded rome
Visigoths
a Germanic tribe that looted Rome when it was falling.
inflation
when the value of the money goes down, happened because the government put less silver in the coins
triumvirate
the group of leaders: Julius ceasar, Pompey, and Crassus
Byzantium
a city that then became the capital of the roman empire in 330 ad
Constantinople
became the capital in 330 ad
mercenary
a soldier that only serves for pay, they would often change sides for their own personal gain.
Vandals
A Germanic tribe that looted Rome in 410 BC
Etruscians
mysterious people that conquered rome in about 600 bc and ruled as kings
Paterfamilias
the male head of a family or household
Carthage
rome took over this in about 100 bc and was in north africa
veto
it means "i forbid"
aqueduct
a structure that carries water over long distances. helps get running water.
Latin
the language of the roman empire
Republic
the government that the romans used to govern and had two consuls that make decisions and are head of the senate.
census
A periodic and official count of a country's population
Senate
council of wealthy people that served for life
Pax Romana
The Roman peace
Marc Antony
a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
Punic Wars
a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC.
Arch
a curved symmetrical structure spanning an opening and typically supporting the weight of a bridge, roof, or wall above it.
Trajan
Trajan was Roman emperor from 98 AD until his death in 117 AD. (One of the "good" emperors)
Tiber River
long river in Rome

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