14 terms

14.3 Imperial China Collapses

Ottawa Hills Mr. Bobak Freshman
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Kuomintang
Nationalist Party of China
Sun Yixian (aka Yat-sen)
leader of the Kuomintang; president of the new Republic of China in 1912; hoped to establish a gov. based on the Three Principles of the People
Qing Dynasty
ruled China since 1644
Three Principles of the People
nationalism, people's rights, and people's livelihood; Sun supported them
Yuan Shikai
Sun turned his rule over to him; betrayed democratic ideals of the revolution; his actions sparked revolts
May Fourth Movement
May 4, 1919; over 3,000 students gathered in the center of Beijing because they declared war against Germany
Chinese Communist Party
ally with Sun's nationalist; met in Shanghai to organize themselves; eventually lead to civil war
Mao Zedong (aka Tse-tung)
member of the Chinese Communist Party; ally with nationalists; recruited peasants for his Red Army
Tiananmen Square
where the students gathered in the May Fourth Movement
Jiang Jieshi (aka Chiang Kai-shek)
headed the Kuomintang after Sun died in 1925; promised democratic changes; became less and less democratic; push communists out during the Civil War
Chinese Civil War
Jiang turns against communists, becomes president; Red Army forms; Nationalists attack and push communists
Red Army
communists led by Mao in the Chinese Civil War
Long March
1933, Jiang gathered a large army around the communists' mountain hold; communists realized they were beat and 100,000 fled; only 7,000 made the journey
Manchuria
an industrialized province in the northeast part of China; Japan invades here when China is weak from Civil War; by 1938, Japan controlled a large part of China