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31 terms

Buddhism/Hinduism

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Hinduism
An old religion that traces roots to other religions such as Vedic beliefs and Brahmanism. (It developed in India over a long period of time)
Dharma
A belief found in Hinduism that a person has to live an honorable life.
Vedas
A collection of sacred writings for Hindus
Sanskrit
an ancient Indian language
Brahmanism
Ancient ritual traditions where Brahmins played a big role. It helped lead to Hinduism.
Caste
A group or class in Hindu society
Karma
a belief that the good and evil done in a past life determines the nature of the person's next life.
Reincarnation
a belief that a person's soul is reborn after death.
Pilgrimage
a journey to a holey place
Brahmans
priest and religious scholars.
Kshatriyas
rulers and warriors.
Vaishyas
herders and merchants.
Shudras
servants farmers laborers. .
Samsara
a never ending cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Untouchables
People that had to do activities considered lowly or dirty
Buddha
A word that means enlightened in Sanskrit. Buddha is the name given to the man who started Buddhism (Siddhartha) .
Ascetic
Someone who gives up their possessions. (Self-denial )
Enlightenment
The goal of Buddhists which is gaining spiritual insight and finding truth.
Alms
Money or supplies given to the poor.
Nirvana
A state of happiness and peace
Buddhism
The religion that teaches that life brings suffering and that the only way you can escape it is seeking nirvana through enlightenment .
Four noble truths
The four basic principals of Buddhism.
Eightfold Path
A key idea of Buddhism where people that follow this religion should live their lives according to these eight teachings.
Right Understanding
Develop a deep understanding of the four noble truths.
Right Purpose
Live a life of selflessness, love, and nonviolence.
Right Speech
Be careful and honest in what you say, don't lie or gossip.
Right Action
Don't steal, kill, or lie, be honest.
Right way to earn a living
Do not work at a job that causes harm to people or living creatures.
Right Effort
Promote good actions and prevent evil actions.
Right Mindfulness
Be aware of but not attached to your emotions, thoughts and feelings.
Right Concentration
Focus your mind with such practices as mediation.