Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Subjunctive with Indefinite and Nonexistent Antecedents

The noun in the main clause is called the antecedent

because it comes before the dependent clause, and the information in the dependent clause refers back to it


are either definite or indefinite

definite antecedents

refer to persons or things you know, have contact with, have seen before, etc

Indefinite antecedents

someone or something you are searching for, need, or want and may or may not find (because you don't know if it exists or not)

when antecedent is definite

spanish uses indicative in the dependent clause (present)

when antecedent is indefinite

the verb in the dependent clause is subjunctive


is also used in dependent clauses that are preceded by nonexistent or negated antecedents

nonexistent antecedent

is someone or something that does not exist or that is believe by the speaker not to exist

no hay nadie que aprenda un idioma en dos semanas

there's no one that can learn a language in two weeks

no tenemos mascotas que hagan trucos

we don't have pets who can do tricks

no existen familias que no tengan problemas

no families exist that don't have problems

Definite antecedent w/ present (indicative)

Tenga una mascota que CUESTA poco dinero mantener
-I have a pet that costs little money to maintain

Definite antecedent w/ present (indicative)

Tengo un perro que ES obediente
-I have a dog that's obedient

Indefinite Antecedent w/ subjunctive

Busco una mascota que CUESTE poco dinero mantener
-I'm looking for a pet that costs little money to maintain

Indefinite Antecedent w/ subjunctive

Prefiero tener un perro que SEA obediente

Negative Antecedent w/ subjunctive

No hay gatos que no NECESITEN mucho cuido
-there aren't any cats that don't need lots of care

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording