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16 terms

Sol y Viento- 9A Gramatica 1/2

Subjunctive with Indefinite and Nonexistent Antecedents
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The noun in the main clause is called the antecedent
because it comes before the dependent clause, and the information in the dependent clause refers back to it
Antecedents
are either definite or indefinite
definite antecedents
refer to persons or things you know, have contact with, have seen before, etc
Indefinite antecedents
someone or something you are searching for, need, or want and may or may not find (because you don't know if it exists or not)
when antecedent is definite
spanish uses indicative in the dependent clause (present)
when antecedent is indefinite
the verb in the dependent clause is subjunctive
subjunctive
is also used in dependent clauses that are preceded by nonexistent or negated antecedents
nonexistent antecedent
is someone or something that does not exist or that is believe by the speaker not to exist
no hay nadie que aprenda un idioma en dos semanas
there's no one that can learn a language in two weeks
no tenemos mascotas que hagan trucos
we don't have pets who can do tricks
no existen familias que no tengan problemas
no families exist that don't have problems
Definite antecedent w/ present (indicative)
Tenga una mascota que CUESTA poco dinero mantener
-I have a pet that costs little money to maintain
Definite antecedent w/ present (indicative)
Tengo un perro que ES obediente
-I have a dog that's obedient
Indefinite Antecedent w/ subjunctive
Busco una mascota que CUESTE poco dinero mantener
-I'm looking for a pet that costs little money to maintain
Indefinite Antecedent w/ subjunctive
Prefiero tener un perro que SEA obediente
Negative Antecedent w/ subjunctive
No hay gatos que no NECESITEN mucho cuido
-there aren't any cats that don't need lots of care