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Bus1950 Final

Help for Bus 1950 Final
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A collection of preprogrammed activities such as addition, subtraction, counting, and comparison is called a(n) ____.
instruction set
In terms of an authentication protocol, the phrase 'something a person knows' refers to ____.
a password
A ____ is a series of characters that becomes a person's unique identifier.
user ID
In terms of an authentication protocol, the phrase 'something a person possesses' could refer to ____.
an ID card
In terms of an authentication protocol, the phrase 'something a person is' refers to a(n) ____.
biometric device
A problem a hacker can cause after breaking into your computer includes ____.
all of the above
A term which can refer to a person who manipulates computers with malicious intent is a ____.
all of the above
A ____ attack uses password-cracking software.
brute force
____ intercepts information sent over computer networks.
Sniffing
A hacker posing as a legitimate representative of an official organization such as your bank is an example of ____.
phishing
The type of data where text, numbers, graphics, sound, and video have been converted into discrete digits as represented in the accompanying figure is ____.
digital
The type of data that is represented using an infinite scale of values as represented in the accompanying figure is ____.
analog
The ____ is the part of the microprocessor that performs arithmetic operations, as shown in the accompanying figure.
ALU
As shown in the accompanying figure, the ____ fetches each instruction.
control unit
Facebook and Twitter are examples of social networking options.
true
Prior to 1940, the word computer was defined as a person who performs calculations.
true
An operating system is an example of application software.
false
Because of increased versatility, a videogame console is now considered a personal computer.
false
The purpose of a server is to serve computers on a network.
true
In the binary number system, 2 is used to represent the value 2.
false
Trojans are computer programs that seem to perform one function while actually doing something else.
true
To assure you can remember your password it is a good idea to base it on information you can easily remember such as your birthday.
false
All of the following require both parties to be online at the same time EXCEPT ____.
Bulletin Boards
A group of computers linked by wired or wireless technology is a(n) ____.
Network
The ____ is a collection of linked documents, graphics, and sounds.
Web
____ is a term that refers to entities that exist largely within computer networks.
Cyberspace
____ is the process of converting text, numbers, sound, photos, and video into data that can be processed by digital devices.
Digitalization
Technology ____ is a process by which several different technologies with distinct functionality evolve to form a single product.
convergence
Digital imaging has had an effect in the following areas: ____.
All of The Above
A computer is a multiple purpose device that can do all of the following EXCEPT ____.
think independently
In a computer, most processing takes place in ____.
The CPU
A named collection of data that exists on a storage medium is known as (a) ____.
File
An area of a computer that temporarily holds data waiting to be processed is ____.
Memory
A set of computer programs that helps a person carry out a task is ____.
Application Software
A set of computer programs that helps a computer monitor itself and function more efficiently is ____.
System Software
The master controller for all activities that take place within a computer is ____.
The operating system
A(n) ____ is a microprocessor-based computing device designed to meet the computing needs of an individual.
Personal Computer
An ordinary personal computer that is connected to a network is a ____.
Workstation
Data becomes ____ when it is presented in a format that people can understand and use.
Information
The binary number 10 represents ____ in the decimal number system.
2
Data transmission speeds are typically expressed as ____.
bits
Storage is typically expressed as ____.
bytes
1,024 bytes is a ____.
Kilobyte
1,048,576 bytes is a ____.
Megabyte
C, BASIC, COBOL, and Java are examples of ____ programming languages.
high-level
The human-readable version of a program is called ____.
source code
A(n) ____ converts all the statements in a program in a single batch and the resulting collection of instructions is placed in a new file.
compiler
A(n) ____ converts and executes one statement at a time.
Interpreter
A collection of preprogrammed activities such as addition, subtraction, counting, and comparison is called a(n) ____.
Instruction Set
In terms of an authentication protocol, the phrase 'something a person knows' refers to ____.
Password
A ____ is a series of characters that becomes a person's unique identifier.
User ID
In terms of an authentication protocol, the phrase 'something a person possesses' could refer to ____.
ID Card
In terms of an authentication protocol, the phrase 'something a person is' refers to a(n) ____.
Biometric Device
A problem a hacker can cause after breaking into your computer includes ____.
All of the above
A term which can refer to a person who manipulates computers with malicious intent is a ____.
All of the Above
A ____ attack uses password-cracking software.
Brute Force
____ intercepts information sent over computer networks.
Sniffing
A hacker posing as a legitimate representative of an official organization such as your bank is an example of ____.
Phishing
The type of data where text, numbers, graphics, sound, and video have been converted into discrete digits as represented in the accompanying figure is ____.
Digital
The type of data that is represented using an infinite scale of values as represented in the accompanying figure is ____.
analog
The ____ is the part of the microprocessor that performs arithmetic operations, as shown in the accompanying figure.
ALU
As shown in the accompanying figure, the ____ fetches each instruction.
Control Unit
Data ____ refers to the process of analyzing information in databases to discover previously unknown and potentially useful information.
Mining
____ refers to a branch of data mining that focuses on predicting future probabilities and trends.
Predictive analytics
A fixed-length field contains a predetermined number of ____.
Bytes
____ refers to the number of associations that can exist between two record types.
Cardinality
A(n) ____ is an association between data that is stored in different record types.
Relationship
A ____ data type usually provides a variable-length field into which users can enter comments.
Memo
A field ____ rule is a specification that the database designer sets up to filter the data entered into a particular field.
Validation
____ is a query language.
SQL
A database audit can ____.
all of the above
A super-thin slice of semiconducting material packed with microscopic circuit elements is a(n) ____.
all of the above
All IP addresses are static.
false
All IP addresses are dynamic
False
The www in a URL is part of a domain name.
false
Television and data signals are carried over the same cable.
True
Cloud computing is the term given to analyzing cloud patterns and, with the help of the computer, predicting the weather.
False
P2P file sharing allows users to obtain files from other users on the Internet.
True
The Internet began with a project called ____.
ARPANET
An ISP may provide ____ services.
all of the above
Every domain name corresponds to a unique IP address that has been entered into the ____.
Domain Name System
The rate of data arriving at your computer is ____.
downstream speed
All of the following EXCEPT ____ are considered truly high-speed connections.
All are high speed
____ currently offers the fastest Internet access speeds.
DSL
____ replaced analog technology with digital technology and added support for text messages.
2G
____ technologies support digital transmission for both voice and data.
3G
Most messaging is based on a(n) ____ model.
Client/server
The ____ protocol allows the transfer of files from one computer to another over any TCP/IP network.
ftp
____ are intended to work within LANs to monitor and direct packets being transported from one device to another.
Routers
The accompanying figure represents the connection of your computer to the Internet; the router marked A should belong to a(n) ____.
ISP
In the accompanying figure, the type of signal represented by A is a(n) ____
Digital Signal
Digital audio is music, speech, and other sounds represented in a binary format for use in digital devices.
true
Solid state storage cards hold data without consuming power, so they do not lose data when the camera is turned off.
true
CDs with copy protection cannot be duplicated, and music that is ripped to another format does not play back correctly.
true
A(n) ____ is a device that contains a variety of input and output jacks, plus audio-processing circuitry.
Sound Card
If you have dialed Directory Assistance lately to obtain a telephone number, you have probably encountered ____.
speech recognition
A ____ graphic is composed of a grid of dots.
bitmap
When a bitmap graphic is enlarged, it still retains its original ____.
resolution
____ refers to the process of selecting part of an image.
Cropping
The quality of a bitmap graphic is ____ dependent.
resolution
One clue that an image might be a ____ graphic is a flat, cartoon-like quality.
Vector
____ is a graphics format with built-in compression that stores True Color bitmap data very efficiently in a small file.
JPEG
A ____ is a smooth blending of shades from one color to another or from light to dark.
gradient
A vector graphic can quite easily be converted into a bitmap graphic through a process called ____.
rasterizing
____ can be used to create the illusion of three dimensions by smoothly blending shades from one color to another or from light to dark.
Gradients
Today's ____ editing simply requires a computer hard disk and video editing software.
nonlinear
____ is a popular format for Web-based video that requires Adobe Flash Player.
Flash video
A ____ watermark is a pattern of bits inserted at various places in an image or a content stream that can be used to track, identify, verify, and control content use.
Digital
You can use a scanner, like the one in the accompanying figure, to convert a printed image into a bitmap graphic.
True
When you increase the resolution of an existing graphic, as illustrated in the accompanying figure, the file size decreases.
False
With images that contain strong curved or diagonal lines, pixel interpolation can result in ____ effects, such as those in the accompanying figure.
pixelated
A vector graphic, like the one shown in the accompanying figure, resizes better than a comparable bitmap graphic.
true
First-generation computers used vacuum tube technology.
True
Assembly language and machine language are the same.
false
High-level languages were developed for first-generation computers.
False
Programming the first commercial microcomputers was accomplished by flipping switches.
true
The computer industry encompasses those companies that manufacture computers and computer components.
true
In the United States, the IT industry is fully regulated by the FCC.
False
A computer certification will totally prepare a person for a job in the IT industry.
False
Laws and ethics are really just different words for the same concept.
false
A step-by-step process by which numbers are manipulated is a(n) ____.
algorithm
An experimental device that typically must be further developed and perfected before going into production is called a(n) ____.
prototype
Computers characterized by their use of vacuum tubes are considered ____-generation.
First
Computers characterized by their use of transistors are considered ____ -generation.
Second
Computers characterized by their use of microprocessors are ____-generation.
Fourth
The first phase of testing generally carried out by the software publisher's in-house test team is called ____.
White Box Testing
A set of testing conducted by a team of off-site testers is called ____.
Beta Testing
____ refers to hardware manufacturers that sell their products directly to consumers.
Manufacturer Direct
A person who designs, codes, and tests computer programs is a ____.
computer programmer
Careers in computer ____ focus on the design of computer hardware.
Engineering
Careers in computer ____ focus on computer architecture and programming computers to make them work effectively and efficiently.
Science
____ degrees focus on the computer equipment and software used by businesses.
Information Technology
To get maximum exposure for your resume in an online job database, you should focus on ____.
nouns
The accompanying figure represents computer and software marketing channels. In that figure, Box A represents ____.
distribution centers
The simplest model for storing data is the flat file.
true
The goal of normalization is to minimize data ____.
redundancy
The ____ operator specifies that both of the search criteria must be true for the record to be selected.
AND
Advantages of telecommuting include all the following EXCEPT ____.
Data Security
The accompanying figure represents computer and software marketing channels. In that figure, Box A represents ____.
distribution centers
The logical data type is used for true/false or yes/no data.
True
Database ____ software is designed to manage billions of records and several hundred transactions per second.
Server
In SQL terminology, creating a relationship between tables is referred to as ____ tables.
joining
The data accessed by data mining and other analysis techniques is often stored in a data ____.
warehouse
First-generation computers used vacuum tube technology.
true
A record contains the smallest unit of meaningful information.
false