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18 terms

Greek Architecture: Mr. Prier 09/14/2009

Remember to study the floor plan!!! Not included in the set of cards made
STUDY
PLAY
Architecture in Greece
Political purpose was to celebrate civic and pride; offer thanks to the war; material consisted of mud brick, stone, wood, limestone, and terracotta
Capital
Top
Shaft
Middle
Base
Bottom
Doric
First order of Greek Architecture (strurdy and plain)
Ionian
Second order of Greek Architecture (thinner and more elegant)
Corinthian
Third order of Greek Architecture (fluted column, elaborate capital decorated w/ ancthus)
Caryatids
Another column scuplted in a female figure supporting elaboture on her head
Temples
Best known for public form of architecture; did not serve as a modern church; a place to leave offerings, helmets, statues and waepons
Tholos Temple
A circular temple for astronomy
Propylea
Large gatehouse entrance to temples
Stoa
Covered walkways; merchants can sell goods, artist can display their work; religious gatherings
Agora
open place assembly; gathering to hear statements of the ruling king; only for free born male citizens
Gymnasium
Training; Athletes completed nude to encourage appreciation of the male body and a contribution to the Gods
Palaestra
Boxing and wrestling; all gymnasiums had one
Bouleutron
Building that held the council of citizens where administration took place
Theatre
Used for public meeting and performances
Lincoln Memorial; Stadiums; White House; The Gatehouse; Spain Caryatids
List all the influences of greek architecture