30 terms

AP World History Cold War

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Cold War
the struggle between the communist and democratic nations after World War II. The tension between the U.S. and S.U.
espionage
spying
Potsdam Conference
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
Eastern Bloc
Nations favorable to the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe during the cold war-particularly Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Rumania, Hungary, and East Germany
Marshall Plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Nuremberg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
Berlin Aircraft
allies dropped food into West Berlin
NATO
Organization formed in 1949 as a military alliance of western European and North American states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies.
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Technocrat
an expert who is a member of a highly skilled elite group
European Union
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Red Scare
a period of general fear of communists
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency; collects intelligence information and takes part in secret actions against foreign targets
Containment Policy
the U.S. policy containing communism using any means possible
Domino Theory
the idea that if a country fell to communism so will the ones next to it.
Korean War
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
DMZ
Demilitarized zone, an area from which warring parties agree to remove their military forces.
Brinkmanship
the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety)
Geneva Conference
meeting in which Vietnam was split along the 17th parallel line
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
U.S. president sent troops without congressional approval
Tet Offensive
turning point in the war when North Vietnamese attacked the U.S.
Vietnamization
the idea was to have the south Vietnamese take over
Ho Chi Mihn
Communist: controlled North Vietnam
Boat People
after the Vietnam War, refugees who escaped from Vietnam in small boats.
New Feminism
New wave of women's rights agitation dating from 1949; emphasized more literal equality that would play down domestic roles and qualities for women; promoted specific reforms and redefinition of what it meant to be female
destalinization
social process of neutralizing the influence of Joseph Stalin by revising his policies and removing monuments dedicated to him and renaming places named in his honor
Khrushchev
became the ruler of the Soviet Union After the death of Joseph Stalin
Solidarity
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.