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31 terms

Ch 24 Pt 2b: Digestion: Peritoneum

STUDY
PLAY
(A) peritoneum, areolar connective, simple squamous mesothelium
(B) visceral peritoneum, parietal peritoneum.
(A) The ___ is the largest serous membrane in the body and consists of an outer layer of ___ tissue and inner layer of ___ cells. in the middle is serous fluid.
(B) The surface that covers some of the organs is called the ___. The layer that lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity is called the __
ascites
___ is a condition where the peritoneal cavity becomes filled with excess fluid.
outside
the kidneys, ascending and descending colons, duodenum, and pancreas are INSIDE/OUTSIDE the peritoneum
kidneys, asecending and descending colons, duodenum, and pancreas
___ are retroperitoneal
greater & lesser omentum (s), falciform ligament, mesentery and mesocolon
the 5 major folds in the peritoneum are: ___
fold in the peritoneum
the falciform ligament is ___ what?
fold in the peritoneum
the mesocolon is ___ what?
greater omentum
the ___ is the largest peritoneal fold and drapes over the transverse colon and the small intestine.
4, (double layer membrane that folds back on itself)
the greater omentum has ___ layers.
transverse colon and coils of the small intestine
the greater omentum covers the following organs: ___.
greater omentum
the ___ fold in the serous membrane that covers the abdominopelvic organs contains a considerable amount of fat.
serous fluid, nerves, lymph & blood vessels and lymph nodes
the peritoneum contains: ___
many, macrophages and antibody-producing plasma
there are A FEW?/ MANY? lymph nodes in the greater omentum that contain ___ cells
(1) liver, anterior abdominal wall
(2) stomach and duodenum, (away from) liver
(1) the falciform ligament divides the ___organ and attaches it to the ___ to the ___.
(2) the lesser omentum suspends the ___ and ___ (organs) away from the ___ organ
liver
the falciform ligament divides ___ [organ(s)]
(1) above, stomach and duodenm,
(2) lesser
(1) the lesser omentum is ABOVE?/ BELOW? the greater omentum and contains the ___ (organs),
(2) the ___ omentum keeps these organs apart from the liver
lesser omentum
the ___ contains the following vessels: hepatic portal vein, common hepatic artery, common bile duct and some lymph nodes
hepatic portal vein, common hepatic artery, common bile duct and some lymph nodes
the lesser omentum contains the following vessels: ___
mesentery
the ___ is the fan-shaped fold in the peritoneum
ileum and jejunum, posterior
the mesentery binds the ___ to the ANTERIOR?/ POSTERIOR? wall
mesentery
The double fold created by the ___ (peritoneal fold) contains blood, lymphatic vessels and some lymph nodes.
peritonitis
___ is acute inflammation of the peritoneum
mesocolon, posterior
the ___ (fold) binds the transverse and sigmoid colons ANTERIOR?/ POSTERIOR? wall
mesocolon
the ___ (fold) is actually two separate folds containing parts of the large intestine
mesentery, greater omentum
the ___ peritoneal fold contributes extensively to the large abdomen in OBESE individuals.
The ___ fold gives a BEER BELLY appearance in some overweight people.
mesocolon
the ___ (fold) carries blood and lymph to the intestines.
mesocolon and mesentery
the two folds in the peritoneum that hold the intestines loosely in place are the ___ folds.
greater omentum, mesocolon
the ___ fold of the peritoneum covers the transverse colon. The ___ fold wraps around the transverse colon
greater omentum, mesentery
the ___ fold of the peritoneum covers the small intestine colon. The ___ fold wraps around the small intestine
mesentery, liver, lesser omentum
the falciform ligament is actually a fold in the ___ fold of the peritoneum that divides the ___ organ into two lobes. The liver is surrounded by the ___
liver
the ___ is the ONLY organ attached to the ANTEROR wall of the abdomen