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Westward Expansion and Gilded Age
Terms in this set (28)
Native Americans become Americanized and give up their traditions, religious beliefs, culture, language, and dress)
A type of fencing put up to enclose property - stops open range cattle grazing (end of the frontier)
Towns that spring up overnight as result of finding precious metals/resources. As soon as all of the gold/silver was mined, people left and it became a ghost town.
Longhorns from Texas were driven along these to railheads in the Great Plains where they were shipped east. This was a booming business until people began to close in their land.
Farmers and ranchers began to enclose their land with barb wire to keep free range cattle herds from destroying their property
U.S. policy toward Native Americans that included assimilation to American culture, moving onto reservations, and farming. Native Americans were given 160 acres to farm, but on the worst land, with little training, and no tools
Became a way of life on the Great Plains after the Homestead Act. People used new technology and had to adapt to the harsh climate.
In 1862, U.S. government offered 160 acres of land in the Great Plains to encourage settlement and westward expansion. Those who took it were expected to set up homesteads and farm the land. After 5 years, they could own the land.
Land set aside where Native Americans were relocated after they were removed from their homeland.
Because of Westward Expansion and the encounters of settlers, miners, and cattle drivers with Native Americans, conflicts occurred between the whites and Native Americans - Sand Creek Massacre, Wounded Knee, Little Big Horn, and many more
Klondike Gold RUsh
Tens of thousands of people set out to seek their fortune near the Alaskan border on what was known as the last great adventure. Boom towns in California, Washington, and Alaska sprang up along the way supplying the miners traveling to the area. Conditions were poot.
The idea that the U.S. should be settled from the East Coast to the West Coast.
Houses built in the Great Plains because the settlers (pioneers) had to use the only resources they had.
Connected Eastern markets to Western cities, provided job opportunities for immigrants, encouraged the settlement of the West, led to political and financial corruption
Alexander Graham Bell
inventor of the telephone
industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892
made production of steel more economical and allowed for the building of skyscrapers
children were viewed as laborers throughout the 19th century. Many children worked on farms, small businesses, mills and factories.
Chinese Exclusion Act
An act that barred Chinese laborers from entering the U.S. in 1882
Free Enterprise System
individuals are free to produce, sell, and buy whatever they wish
a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business
The Gilded Age
1870s-1890s - time period that looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics and growing gap between the rich and poor
the process of individuals moving into a new country with the intentions of remaining there
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the biggest monopoly known to history
a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
Americans who feared that immigrants would take jobs and impose their Roman Catholic beliefs on society
charitable donation to public causes
a group that controls the activities of a political party
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