How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

33 terms

Intro to Lab Medicine

STUDY
PLAY
What are the most common lab animals?
rats & mice
Rats & mice make up what % of lab animals?
95
Refinement
methods that incorporate modification of a procedure to lessen animal pain & distress & enhance animals well-being
Reduction
reducing # of animals used for research
BSL 3
exotic agents with potential for aerosol transmission, decontaminaion of wastes & clothes, full body pressure suit, double doors, eye wash readily available
Why are shrews used in lab medicine?
they can V+
Who is Dolly?
the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell
When was Dolly born?
1996
BSL 4
dangerous agents, high risk of diz, aerosol transmitted lab infx, shower on exit, all decontaminated, seperate building, isolated zone
BSL 2
associated with human dz; per cutaneous injury, mm exposure, ingestion; coats, gloves, face protection PRN
What did Jonas Salk develop?
the polio vx
Where was the polio vx developed?
Pitt
Who developed the Germ Theory?
Louis Pasteur
What's the germ theory?
microorganisms cause dz
BSL 1
not known to cause dz, standard microbiological practices, no safety equipment required
Animals not covered in the animal welfare act
lab mice, rats & birds; agriultural animals used for food/fiber; fish, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates
Replacement
non animal alternatives or using less advanced animals
AALAS AKA
American Association for Lab Animal Science
ALAT AKA
Assistant Lab Animal Tech
LAT AKA
Lab Animal Tech
LATG AKA
Lab Animal Technologist
How often does IACUC inspect?
q 6 mos
How long is IACUC protocol good for?
3 yrs
Is the USDA federally mandated?
yes
How often does USDA inspect?
once a year
Is USDA announced or unannounced?
unannounced
IACUC AKA
Institutional Animal Care & Use Committee
Is IACUC federally mandated?
yes
Who is in IACUC?
6 people - 1 must be a vet, 1 must be unbiased
Is IACUC announced or unannounced?
announced
Who was the first to perform experiments on living animals?
Aristotle
Is AALAC federally mandated?
no
How often does AALAC inspect?
q 3 yrs