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30 terms

Fitness for Well-Being Lesson 4

Questions and answers for Mizzou online highschool quizes
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When someone begins an exercise program, a medical examination is
unnecessary if the person has no special medical conditions and is healthy.
Evaluation of one's present level of fitness prior to beginning an exercise program
will help the person set realistic goals and see progress
Jan and Paul have been running outside on a very hot day. When they stop, Jan notices that Paul is not sweating, and his skin is dry and hot.

What should Jan do first to help Paul?
call for emergency help
Jan and Paul have been running outside on a very hot day. When they stop, Jan notices that Paul is not sweating, and his skin is dry and hot.

What heat emergency is Paul experiencing?
heat stroke
Jan and Paul have been running outside on a very hot day. When they stop, Jan notices that Paul is not sweating, and his skin is dry and hot.

What other symptoms might Paul exhibit because of his condition?
aggression, hallucinations, and a swollen tongue
Jan and Paul have been running outside on a very hot day. When they stop, Jan notices that Paul is not sweating, and his skin is dry and hot.

What is the key symptom that reveals what is wrong with Paul?
lack of sweat
how should heat cramps be treated?
drink one-half cup of water every 10 to 15 minutes
What condition is characterized by profuse sweating accompanied by dizziness and extreme weakness?
heat exhaustion
What should people do while exercising in hot weather?
wear lightweight, light-colored clothing
proper athletic footwear is
a major consideration in any exercise program.
What is a preventive measure for avoiding heat illness?
drink fluids before, during, and after exercise
What term describes an excessive decline in body temperature?
hypothermia
What should people do while exercising in cold weather?
dress in several layers of light clothing
What is the best advice for ensuring personal safety during a workout?
plan ahead to avoid dangerous situations
Which statement about warming up is true?
it is performed before exercise to prepare the body
Increasing one's heart rate and the blood supply to working muscles and generating heat to the muscles and joint tissues is called
the warm-up
large muscle activity, such as running in place or jogging slowly
first stage (warm-up)
slow participation in the activity to be performed, gradually increasing in intensity
specific component
static stretching for 15 to 30 seconds
second stage
Cooling down after working out is a process that
allows the body to return to normal after the activity
During which phase of the cool-down should you repeat the stretching exercises that were executed during the warm-up?
second phase
How long should the cool-down last?
until the heart rate is approximately 100 beats per minute
Which statement about warming up and cooling down is true?
the cool-down is as important as the warm-up
Which statement about shin splints is true?
all of the above. (They may be caused by over-exercising. They occur more often with poorly conditioned individuals. They may be caused by running on hard surfaces.)
What is the best treatment for a sprained ankle?
apply ice and elevate the ankle
According to the Lesson 4 Commentary, why do people often ignore the issue of proper clothing and shoes prior to beginning an exercise program?
they want to avoid a sales pitch
According to the Lesson 4 Commentary, what is true about cotton and wool?
cotton does not heat the body when wet; wool heats at about 50% of its ability when wet.
If the environmental temperature is below 50° Fahrenheit and is accompanied by wind and rain, what temperature-related illness may occur?
hypothermia
According to the Lesson 4 Commentary, what is the most important action you can take while exercising in the heat?
replace your water
Exercising with a companion, changing exercise routes frequently, and staying in well-lit and populated areas are all recommendations for
increasing one's personal safety.