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AP Psychology Unit 12 Abnormal Psychology
Terms in this set (24)
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts feelings or behaviors.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreeme inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity
The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital.
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, updated as a 2000 "text revision"; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking or other frightening sensations.
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity or situation.
Obsessive -Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts(obsessions) and/or actions (Compulsions).
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdawl, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after experience
Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremism challenging circumstances and life cirses
Psychological disorder in which a person is experiences very somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause.
A rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found.
A somatoform Disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and altering personalities. (Formerly known as Multiple personality Disorder)
Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
Major Depressive Disorder
A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
A mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania. (formerly known as the manic depressive disorder)
A group of severe disorder characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions and inappropriate emotions and actions
False beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
A personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience foe wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. may be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
Recommended textbook explanations
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
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