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Chapter 9 - The Rise of Rome

6th Grade - Chapter 9 - Roman Republic
STUDY
PLAY
republic
a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but a person elected by citizens
legion
smaller unit of the Roman army made up of about 6,000 soldiers
isolate
the be apart from others
capacity
the ability to contain or produce
chapter
a new division of time in history or in a book
status
position or rank
Etruscans
people who lived to the north of Rome in Etruria; greatly influenced the Romans and changed the city of Rome into a city of bricks and mortar rather than just grass-roofed huts
Tarquins
the strongest ruling family under the Etruscans
Latins
the local people from the area of what became known as Rome
Aeneas
the Trojan hero writing about by the poet Virgil, who people say helped to found the city of Rome
Remus
one of the twin brothers from the traditional story of the founding of Rome
Romulus
one of the twin brothers from the traditional story of the founding of Rome; some say Rome was named after him
Sicily
island off the south-western tip of mainland Italy (off the tip of the toe of the boot)
Apennines
the mountain range that runs all the way down Italy from north to south
Latium
the plains of central Italy where the Latin people lived, who later became known as the Romans
Tiber River
a river running up from the Mediterranean Sea upon which Rome was situated; gave Romans a source of water and a way to be connected to the rest of the Mediterranean world, but protected them from raids by pirates
Etruria
area to the north of Rome that had been home to the Etruscans