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South Africa pencil set
Terms in this set (83)
Blemofontein, Pretoria, cape town
Republic of south africa
4 racial groups:
27 years in prison for anti-apartheid activities
How many years was Nelson Mandela in prison and what for.
when released he became president
When Nelson was released what did he become?
What was nelsons home called
His soweto home is a shrine with bullet holes
If you go to nelsons old home what do you see on the walls?
1993 won noble peace prize
What did Nelson win and when
1994 elected first black president of SA
When was Nelson elected the first black president of SA?
Died in 2013 age 95
When did Nelson die and at what age
South africa, Nambia an angola
What three countries does the Namib desert run through?
dry for 50 million years
How long has the Nambib desert been dry for?
less that 1/2 inch of rain per year
How much rain does to Nambib desert get each year?
Welwitschia plant--cone tree relative--lives to 1000 years
What is the only plant the lives in the Nam ib desert? What does it look like? How long does it live?
What is the desert called that lies just east of the Nambib desert?
Botswana,Namibia, and south Africa
What three countries does the kalahari desert run through?
Some bushes, grassand small trees,more plants and animals than the Nambib Desert
What plants grow in the kalahari desert? Does it have more or less plants and animals than the Nambib desert?
What if the most popular animal that lives in the Kalahari desert?
eat mostly incets lizards, snakes, and scorpions
What do meerkats eat?
immune to the venom
How can they eat scorpions?
Bushmen and himba
What are the two cultures of the kalahari desert?
What is another name for the bushmen people?
Which tribe roamed empy land untill they were encouraged to become farmers?
Which tribe led a pastoral lifestyle
Which tribe has small herds of livestock and mostly lives in Nambia part of the kalahari desert
What is Zambia's climate?
What was zambia's former name?
What animals are in zambia's national parks?
What is the 4th largest river in the world?
What is the cliff called that the Zambezi river?
zambia, Mozambuiqe and empty's into the Indian Ocean
What two countries does the Zambezi river run through? What ocean does it empty into?
Hippos and crocodiles
What two dangerous animals inhabit most of the water?
What do people fish for in the water?
14 million ppl, 72 ethnic bantu speaking tribes
In the Christian country how many people are there? How many ethnic bantu speaking tribes?
Bemba and Tonga
What are the two biggest tribes in the Christian country?
What type of farmers are the Bemba and Tonga people?
Houses built from scrapts of wood and metal
In the Soweto's what are the houses built from?
south west township--played major role in SA struggle for racial equality
What is a Soweto?
What is the Bemba and Tonga people's main source of food?
Ground into cornmeal, make nshima or porridge and served with spicy relishes.
What do the Bemba and Tonga ppl do with the corn that they harvest? What is it served with?
fastest growing economy unemployment and underemployment problems.
What problems happen in Lusaka?
poverty and corruption with goverment and military officials
What problems create elephant and rhino poaching?
For their ivory tusks
Why are elephants killed?
For their horns
Why are rhinos killed?
Who kills the rhinos and the elephants?
To make expensive carvings and to sell them for money.
What do they use elephants tusks for?
Made into medicine and sold to rich ppl in china and vietnam
What do they use rhinos horns for?
If ppl keep killing rhinos in how many years will they be extinct?
high tec equipment, powerfull wepons, and helicopters
What equipment do ppl use to kill elephants and rhinos?
2-3 million ppl
How many ppl live in Lusaka?
Archbishop who was secretary of the SA Council of Churches
Leader and spokesperson for the rights of the blacks in SA
Who is Desmond Tutu?
segregated communities where Africans, Indians,and mixed race--required to live
What were townships?
1/3 of the people are undernourished
They make an average of 1.25 dollars per day
Highest murder rate
15 percent of the people have HIV/AIDS
What were most of the Southern Africa problems?
Angola, Lesotho, Zambia, Mozambique, and Swaziland
What are the countries that have the lowest life expectancy the world?
July and August
Republic of south Africa has snow in the mountain peaks during he winter, what two months are winter in the republic of South Africa?
In 1488 who was the first person to cross over the cape of good hope?
Vasco da Gama
Who was the second person to cross over the cape of good hope?
rocky shores, stormy weather, and rough seas
What is the cape of good hope known for?
What animal lives in the cape of good hope?
What is another name for the Dutch? What is the language that they speak?
1948 and Apartheid
Racial separation started during Colonial times but became part of the constitution of SA in __________with the establishment of ______________.
What were the first two Portuguese colonies?
How many years did the Portuguese rule Southern Africa?
When did holland (Dutch) founded Cape Town?
When did the Europeans start big farms?
grape,pears,peaches,plums are grown.
What did the Europeans grow on their big farms?
What percentage are white of the population of SA are descendants of European Colonists.
Johannesburg- 7.5 million people Capetown- 3.75 million people Durban- 3.6 million people
What are the three most populated countries, and how many people?
Raised flat area typically with at least one steep side.
Where where the Dutch originally from?