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History Semester 1 Exam
Terms in this set (79)
Who argued that people had a right to overthrow their government?
what was the new way of thinking that emerged in the 1500s?
Who wrote "man is born free but everywhere in chains"?
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Before the scientific revolution who were the traditional authorities?
why did they dumped into the Boston Harbor?
to protest against the government
Who post earrings that were in conflict with the church?
why did colonists object to the stamp act?
being taxed without representation
what caused scientists study the natural world more closely?
The age of exploration
what new approach was utilized to gain new knowledge?
Who invented the first periodic table?
Who wrote the encyclopedia?
what was the theory that Copernicus followed?
Who wrote the first draft of the declaration of independence?
What slogan was used in opposition of the stamp act?
"no taxation without representation!"
why was there a constitutional convention held in 1787?
to revise the articles of Confederation
what was the revolutionary tribunal and why was it created?
court instituted by the national convention during the French Revolution for trial of political offenders it wanted to get rid of people threatening the revolution
what caused the great fear?
storming of the Bastille; thought the king was going to punish the third estate
know the order of the legislative bodies in France.
National assembly, legislative assembly, national convention, directory
why was there a meeting of The Estates General in 1789?
Louis XVI called a meeting to approve new taxes on the third estate
why did some peasants oppose the French Revolution?
opposed the anti-clerical moves and the draft by the national convention
after Napoleon was exiled what type of government did France have?
Who is Francis greatest enemy during the Napoleonic wars?
why did the French people welcome napoleon as their ruler?
he promised order after the chaos of the revolution
what did Great Britain receive as a result of their battles with France?
know the legacy of the French Revolution.
inspired people to fight for their rights all over the world
during the French Revolution which faction was the most radical?
Montagnards or "mountains"
know the causes of the French Revolution.
ideas of enlightenment writers
which legislative body was in charge when napoleon took over?
what was the Continental system and what did it do?
prohibited French or allied troops from trading with Britain
what resulted from the reign of terror?
an increase in for an opposition to the French Revolution
which military campaign was a disaster for napoleon?
Who was not included in the rights of man?
what did factories begin to locate me after 1825?
what allowed Britain to industrialize first?
large amounts of money, resources, people, colonies
which resource was the most important for curly industrialization?
what delayed industrialization in Germany?
no central government
how was the cottage industry hurt during industrialization?
goods made at home were more expensive than in factories making them harder to sell
which country was first to industrialize?
what were the effects of the factory system?
rise of the middle class, decline of cottage industry
people who were in favor of social democracy wanted to do what?
move from capitalism to socialism by democratic means
what did Marx and Ingles say capitalism would cause?
as couples and grew more people would sink into poverty, rise up, and rebel (revolution)
what allowed the U.S. to industrialize quickly?
natural resources and labor
what was the concept of separate spheres?
men work, women stay at home
what fueled Britain to industrialize so extensively?
abundance of natural resources, factors of production
what was a negative result in the U.S. of the textile industry in Great Britain?
higher demand of cotton leading to slavery
Who were the Luddites and what was the Luddite movement?
opposed changes that put people out of work
what replaced the Mercantile system and Great Britain?
what led to the growth of the middle class?
A need for managers and mid-level employers
According to Marx and Ingles, what will have to occur to have a society of equal distribution/wealth?
how was industry changed due to electricity?
easier to run, didn't have to locate near rivers
what made the model T different from other automobiles?
much more affordable
Who developed vaccines for anthrax and rabies?
be familiar with Darwins theory of natural selection.
those well adapted thrive
why was Darwins book controversial?
it differed from the Bible
be able to define an example of a social science.
how did Wordsworth define poetry?
is spontaneous overflow of feelings from emotions recollected in tranqulity
why did they build skyscrapers?
for working and living spaces
Who wrote about the unfair treatment of women?
in what ways was the telegraph used?
Communication across countries
what created more jobs in journalism?
The invention of the electric press
what is physical anthropology, from whose work did it benefit from?
The study of humanity and human ancestors; Sigmund Freud
Joseph Listers work would not have been possible without whom?
know the definition of romanticism.
artistic and literary movement in the 1800s that rejected rationalism of enlightenment; in favor of emotion, institution, and imagination
what allowed the suburbs to develop?
boundaries expanding, congestion in cities
what was the cause of the Sepoy Mutiny?
strained relations between India and Britain; British used beef products in military equipment
before 1888 who carried out imperialism in India?
British East India Company
what was the Meiji restoration?
emperor Meiji return to power
what was the British Raj, what occurred during it?
British rule of India from 1757 to 1947; built railroads, roads, and canals in India
what was the treaty of nanjing?
"unequal treaties"; opened five new ports to western trade; gave extra territory to Britain
after the Civil War where did Britain get cotton?
what was the result of the Russo-Japanese War?
Japan defeated Russia; many Russians were shocked, adding unrest and calls for change
which Southeast Asian country remained independent in the 1800s?
Who was the leader of Ethiopia who modernized the army?
what were the political motives of European imperialism in Africa?
rise of Germany and Italy as European powers; nationalism; British began to expand its colonial empire; long standing rivalries
what main factor allowed Europeans to control African nations?
military advantages, superior weapons
which Mexican revolutionaries gain support from lower classes and forced Diaz to resign?
Francisco "Pancho" Villa and Emiliano Zapata
what caused the British government to take back control of India from the British East India Company?
Who occupied Egypt in 1882 and why?
British; to maintain access to the Suez Canal
why did Britain import opium to China?
they were upset there was an imbalance trade (Great Britain got tea, China got silver)
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