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33 terms

Ch. 7 vocab

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Exogamy
a cultural rule that dictates that one must marry outside of a designated group
nuclear family
a married couple and their children
endogamy
a cultural rule that dictates that one must marry within a designated group
levirate
a marrieage custom in which a widow marries her deceased husband's brother
sororate
a marriage custom in which a widower marries a sister of his deceased wife
status
a person's position in society
role
the culturally assigned behaviors and expectations for a person's social position
monogamy
a form of marriage in which one woman is married to one man
polygamy
mulitple-spouse marriage
polygyny
marriage of one man to two or more women
Polyandry
Marriage of one woman to two or more men
Sister exchange
A common type of marriage consisting of the marriage of cross-cousins. Men exchange their sister as marriage partners
Cross-cousin
Ego's mother's brother's child and father's sister's child
parallel-cousin
Ego's mother's sister's child and father's brother's child
bridewealth
a form of marriage finance in which valuable gifts are given by the groom's kin to the bride's kin.
dowry
a form of marriage finance in which valuable figts are given by the bride's kin to the groom's kin.
half-marriage
a man pays partial bridewealth and lives with the bride's family, and the couple's children belong to the wife and her family
family of orientation
a person's childhood family, where enculturation takes place.
consanguineal relatives
kin related by blood
family of procreation
a kin group consisting of an individual and the individual's spouse and children
affinal kin
kin related by marriage
kinship system
the complexity of a culture's rules governing the relationships between affinal and consanguineal kin
extended family
two or more nuclear families that are related by blood and who reside in the same household, village, or teritory
household
a common residence based on economic unit
neolocal residence
a postmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to sest up an independent household away from both ssets of parents
patrilocal residence
a postmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to live in or near the residence of the groom's father
virilocal residence
the custom ofliving with the husband's relativess after marriage
shabano
a yanomamo village
matrilocal residence
a posstmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to live in or near the residence of the bride's mother
matrifocal residence
a residence group consisting of a woman and her children residing without co-residence of a husband
Avunculocal residence
a postmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to reside with or near the groom's mother's brother
bilocal (ambilocal) residence
the condition in which a newly married couple reside either with or near the groom's parents or the bride's parents
matri-patrilocal residence
temporary residence form in which the groom moves to live with the bride's family until bridewealth payments are complete and the couple take up permanent patrilocal residence.