Chapter 3: Egypt: Lessons 1 and 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Egypt
A country in northeast Africa; the birthplace of ancient Egyptian civilization
Nile River
The world's longest river, which flows over 4,000 miles northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
delta
very fertile, flat land made of silt dropped by a river as it drains into a larger body of water
Lower Egypt
Northern Egypt, lies lower or downstream on the Nile River
Upper Egypt
Southern Egypt, lies upstream on the Nile River
pharaoh
the title of the rulers of Ancient Egypt
Old Kingdom
Egypt from about 2700 BC to about 2200 BC when early Pharaohs united Upper and Lower Egypt
Memphis
located in Lower Egypt; Menes made it his capital
Menes
King of Upper Egypt who united Upper and Lower Egypt
unification
the joining of two separate parts into one
mummification
the process of preserving a dead body through embalming and drying; method used by Ancient Egyptians
pyramids
huge stone structures built as tombs, or burial places, for the pharaohs
Khufu
Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system which used about 800 picture signs
papyrus
reed plant pressed together to form a kind of paper
Jean Champollion
French scholar who figured out how to read hieroglyphs in 1822 by using the Greek writing on the Rosetta Stone
economy
the way a country manages its resources to produce goods and services

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